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 (sär-mā′shə, -shē-ə)
An ancient region of eastern Europe northeast of the Black Sea. The Sarmatian people occupied the area after the fourth century bc and fled across the Carpathian Mountains and along the Danube River after the onslaught of the Huns. The term is also applied to the territory between the Vistula and Volga Rivers during the time of the Roman Empire.

Sar·ma′tian adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Peoples) a native or inhabitant of Sarmatia, an ancient region of E Europe
1. (Placename) of or relating to Sarmatia or its inhabitants
2. (Peoples) of or relating to Sarmatia or its inhabitants
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(sɑrˈmeɪ ʃi ən, -ʃən)
1. a member of any of a group of peoples who occupied the S Eurasian steppes from about the 4th century b.c. to the 4th century a.d.
2. the Iranian language of the Sarmatians.
3. of or pertaining to Sarmatia, the Sarmatians, or their language.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Neolithic site near Polgar is only the biggest of five sites in the vicinity -- the Copper, Bronze and Iron Ages are all represented, as well as the Sarmatian Period (1st-4th centuries AD).
Ally and some of his Rangers buddies were along to bet Sarmatian in the big race.
Sarmatian Review gratefully acknowledges the following individuals who contributed to the SR Publication Fund between September-December 2016:
Eventually the Roman emperors, realising the potential of the Sarmatian warriors, offered the Sarmatian migrants large amounts of money and incentives to join their legions.
(4) Two years later, the loss of the marble was lamented in a letter signed by 'An Englishman' published in The Director: every true lover of art must sincerely regret, that, of the labours of his classical chissel [sic], many are fixed in the oblivious aisles of distant village churches; others, in the solitude of country retreats; and above all, that his CUPID, a statue that would have been highly valued in the very best times of art, and might have stood, without fearing a competition, even on the steps of the Roman Capitol, was destined to vanish amid those impenetrable fogs, which extend their opaque curtain from the Gulf of Finland to the Sarmatian Lakes.
In the film's revised history of the Arthur legend, he starts off life as a Sarmatian cavalryman in Roman service, coping with the aftermath of the Romans pulling out of Britain.
Half English and half Sarmatian - a country roughly where Georgia is located now - Artorius became a legendary warrior and he stayed in Britain when the Roman armies left in AD 410.
The Upper Miocene, of the Sarmatian and Meotis stages, is widely developed in the south-eastern subsidence of the Greater Caucasus and in the interfluve of the Kura and Iori rivers.
Hammond's stable jockey Russ Garritty is riding out of his skin and he was in never-say-die mood as he drove 4-1 shot Sarmatian into the lead past favourite Highbank.
The tribes might supply whole units of troops on a contract basis, such as the 5,500 elite Sarmatian cavalry based at Ribchester (Bremetennacum) in the Ribble Valley: at the end of their service they naturally settled in Britain, where many of them had married and raised families, rather than return to their distant Hungarian homeland.
Did freedom as a concept hold the same weight and associations for the indentured serf as it did for the Sarmatian noble on whose estates he labored?