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 (sär-mā′shə, -shē-ə)
An ancient region of eastern Europe northeast of the Black Sea. The Sarmatian people occupied the area after the fourth century bc and fled across the Carpathian Mountains and along the Danube River after the onslaught of the Huns. The term is also applied to the territory between the Vistula and Volga Rivers during the time of the Roman Empire.

Sar·ma′tian adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) the ancient name of a region between the Volga and Vistula Rivers now covering parts of Poland, Belarus, and SW Russia
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(sɑrˈmeɪ ʃi ə, -ʃə)

the ancient name of a region in E Europe, between the Vistula and the Volga rivers.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In this case it proposes a genetic connection between the Iron Age nomads (Scythians, Sakas, Sarmatians, who presumably spoke eastern Iranian languages) and the cultures of Bronze Age Eurasia (mainly the Timber-Grave and Andronovo cultures).
For centuries the Great Steppe was traversed by successive waves of nomads migrating from the East to the West: the Scythians, Sarmatians, the Huns, and the mighty swell of Mongolo-Tartars which left in its trail the Turkic tribes who became later known as the Kazakhs.
Pocock, in "Barbarians and the Redefinition of Europe," focuses on volume three of Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, showing how he saw parallel traits between the eastern barbarians (Scythians and Sarmatians) in the Danube Valley and Europe's barbarians (Goths, Franks, Saxons) and how together they created the synthesis of Roman legality and Germanic freedom called feudalism.
(Ashour:1975) Despite the crisis ended in finishing the danger of those attackers and destroying them, the threat of Goths to the borders of the Romanian empire never ended as their danger came back again in the third century at the era of the emperor Kara-Kala (211-217AD) when the Goths went southerly of the Baltic sea and destroyed Sarmatians and attacked Dacia territory at the Danube sea, where they stayed 50 years corrupting in Balkan till the Emperor Caudius II (270-217AD) beat them in Naissus in 269AD.
"A spider is proud of catching a fly," he wrote (1964, pp.155-56); "so is one man of trapping a hare or another of netting a sprat, or a third of capturing boars or Sarmatians." ("Sarmatians" was the generic term for the people who lived along the Danube.) "If you go into the question of principles, are these anything but robbers one and all?"
Mounted archery was a defining characteristic of Steppe warfare throughout Central Asia, and throughout the prairies of America after the adoption of the horse, used by peoples including the Scythians, Sarmatians, Parthians, Sassanids, Huns, Bulgars, Magyars, Mongols, Turks, Rajputs, Comanches, and others.
The first identifiable groups to populate what is now Ukraine were Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, and Goths, among other nomadic peoples who arrived throughout the first millennium B.C.
The Avars were one of many mainly Turkic-speaking peoples who fell on the already settled lands west of the steppe and settled there themselves.6 They arrived in the mid-sixth century, following the Sarmatians. The Avars rushed westward from central Asia to escape from the pressure from another Turkic group, the Altaic Turks.
(p.31) "Croats were believed to be of Iranian origin, but they may have their origins in a group of Sarmatians who were dislocated by the Huns." (p.34) Moreover, the author does not show any research on how he arrived at these conclusions--and this is the case with most of the conclusions in his book.
During the late 16th century a notion emerged that the Polish nobility was descended from the Sarmatians, a nomadic warrior race of Persian origin that had supposedly blazed out of the Black Sea Steppe and into Central Europe.
In ancient times, the region was mainly inhabited by the Geto-Dacians, the northern branch of the Thracians, but also by other tribes and populations, such as Scythians, Sarmatians, Celts, Illyrians, etc.