However, the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) reported damage to the historic wall north of Gorgan that was built in the Sassanian
Dynasty (224-651 CE) to keep out invaders from Central Asia.
Dr Swelim said, "By examining how Islam has complimented the art and architecture of the Byzantine and Sassanian
empires, we are able to uncover historical insights and examine how these new architectural features are being interpreted in the context of the current and historical landscapes." These and other discussions which explore art and architecture both historically and in contemporary contexts engage the wider community in the dialogue, and are an integral component of the Master's programme in Islamic Art, Architecture and Urbanism taught at CIS.
Researchers have identified that the settlement dates to the later Sassanian
period, between 538 and 670 CE.
Prof Valeria spoke about how the campaigns so far have revealed an intricate network of structures belonging to the Sassanian
and pre-Sassanian periods, and also the Islamic era.
During the height of the Sassanian
Empire, incantation bowls were used by Christians, Zoroastrians, and primarily Jews as a means of protective magic against infernal powers.
These fortified structures, palaces, and city plans date back to the earliest and latest times of the Sassanian
Empire, which stretched across the region from 224 to 658 CE.
The conquest of Persia's Sassanian
Empire by the nascent Islamic state under the Caliph Umar has never led the Iranians to accept Arab dominance.
The image of an enthroned and crowned king in the pictorial programmes of the Qajars was strengthened by the appropriation of pre-Islamic Iranian representations of kings--the monumental rock reliefs of the Sassanian
kings (224-651), were particularly inspirational.
Cyrus Parham, in his research, argued that the first manifestations of this ancient motif are in Scythian and Achaemenid art, mainly portrayed as the wings of Homa or Simurg , and which lasted in the same manner till the Sassanian
period (224 - 651 A.D.)
Additionally, the author relates Umar's method of administration of the lands to the long lasting traditions of the Byzantine and Sassanian
empires with necessary modifications (p.