This "Lamp castle" was constructed by the Sassanid
Persians in the 5th century.
This eventually led to creation of multiple Persian power centers within the Caliphate: In Baghdad, the Buyids, claiming decent from the Sassanids
and having a Shiite sympathy, rose to power, while in the northeast the Samanids ruled through the tenth century claiming decent from Bahram Chubineh, a famous Sassanid
It is said the bridge was built by Roman prisoners of war captured after a battle with Sassanid
King Shapur I the Great, who reigned over Persia 240-270 CE.
SAMA displayed several ancient coins, from pre-Islamic and modern times, including the Sassanid
Dirhams and the Byzantine Dinars, which were trading in the Arabian Peninsula, as well as presentation of some currencies in the time of the four Caliphs.
SAMA pavilion displayed several ancient coins, in Islamic and modern times in the Islamic countries, in terms of style, type of line and phrases engraved on the currency coins, in addition to the currencies that were traded before the advent of Islam, including the Sassanid
Dirhams and the Byzantine Dinars, which were trading in the Arabian Peninsula, as well as presentation of some currencies in the time of the Caliphs.
The permanent boundaries of all Persian empires - Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid
- included the whole of modern Iran, eastern Iraq, Bahrain and the Eastern Arabian peninsula.
363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid
Other sites added to the Unesco list include the Hidden Christian Sites in Nagasaki, Japan; Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Architecture in Mumbai, India; Mountain monasteries in South Korea; the Sassanid
Archaeological Landscape of Fars region in Iran; and the Thimlich Ohinga archaeological site in Kenya.
The Islamicate Umayyad Empire had earlier prepared this development, by its adaptation of the academic institutions of the states it conquered, especially those of the Persian Sassanid
empire, which had a long tradition of scholarly academies at court.
Among the recent added sites were also the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, the Sassanid
archaeological landscape of Fars region in Iran, and hidden Christian sites in the Nagasaki region in Japan.
Defeat of one enemy can pave the way for a new, more powerful one, such as Sassanid
In AD 226, the eastern part of it fell to the Sassanid
Persians who then built their own empire in long before the birth of Islam.