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or Sa·sa·ni·an  (sə-sā′nē-ən, să-) also Sas·sa·nid (sə-sä′nĭd, -săn′ĭd, săs′ə-nĭd)
Of or relating to a Persian dynasty (ad 224-651) and the last line of Persian kings before the Arab conquest. The Sassanian era was marked by wars against the Romans, Armenians, and Huns and by the revival of Zoroastrianism and Achaemenid custom.
A member or subject of this dynasty.

[After Sassan, ancestor of Ardashir I, founder of the dynasty.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl Sassanids or Sassanidae (sæˈsænɪˌdiː)
(Peoples) any member of the native dynasty that built and ruled an empire in Persia from 224 to 636 ad
Saˈssanian adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(səˈsɑ nɪd, -ˈsæn ɪd)

also Sas•sa•ni•an

(-ˈseɪ ni ən)

n., pl. -sa•nids, -sa•ni•dae (-ˈsɑ nɪˌdi, -ˈsæn ɪ-) also -sa•ni•ans.
a member of a dynasty that ruled in Persia about A.D. 226–651.
[1770–80; Sassan grandfather of the dynasty's founder + -id1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This "Lamp castle" was constructed by the Sassanid Persians in the 5th century.
This eventually led to creation of multiple Persian power centers within the Caliphate: In Baghdad, the Buyids, claiming decent from the Sassanids and having a Shiite sympathy, rose to power, while in the northeast the Samanids ruled through the tenth century claiming decent from Bahram Chubineh, a famous Sassanid general.
It is said the bridge was built by Roman prisoners of war captured after a battle with Sassanid King Shapur I the Great, who reigned over Persia 240-270 CE.
SAMA displayed several ancient coins, from pre-Islamic and modern times, including the Sassanid Dirhams and the Byzantine Dinars, which were trading in the Arabian Peninsula, as well as presentation of some currencies in the time of the four Caliphs.
SAMA pavilion displayed several ancient coins, in Islamic and modern times in the Islamic countries, in terms of style, type of line and phrases engraved on the currency coins, in addition to the currencies that were traded before the advent of Islam, including the Sassanid Dirhams and the Byzantine Dinars, which were trading in the Arabian Peninsula, as well as presentation of some currencies in the time of the Caliphs.
The permanent boundaries of all Persian empires - Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid - included the whole of modern Iran, eastern Iraq, Bahrain and the Eastern Arabian peninsula.
363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire.
Other sites added to the Unesco list include the Hidden Christian Sites in Nagasaki, Japan; Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Architecture in Mumbai, India; Mountain monasteries in South Korea; the Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars region in Iran; and the Thimlich Ohinga archaeological site in Kenya.
The Islamicate Umayyad Empire had earlier prepared this development, by its adaptation of the academic institutions of the states it conquered, especially those of the Persian Sassanid empire, which had a long tradition of scholarly academies at court.
Among the recent added sites were also the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, the Sassanid archaeological landscape of Fars region in Iran, and hidden Christian sites in the Nagasaki region in Japan.
Defeat of one enemy can pave the way for a new, more powerful one, such as Sassanid Persia.
In AD 226, the eastern part of it fell to the Sassanid Persians who then built their own empire in long before the birth of Islam.