sceat

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sceat

or

sceatt

n
a small Anglo-Saxon coin made of silver
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Sona paet onfunde fyrena hyrde, paet he ne mette middan-geardes, eorpan sceatta on elran men mund-gripe maran; he on mode wearS forht on ferhde; no py aer fram meahte.
Much recent work has emphasized the coastal and estuarine situation of the early Northumbrian monasteries, their being well placed for sea communication, and their role as trading centres, confirmed, for example, by the large number of sceatta coins found at Whitby.(99) Whitby, Hartlepool and Lindisfarne, the latter possessing `a fine natural harbour and a strategic anchorage', were all flourishing monastic houses in 664 and all coastally located.(100) Other Northumbrian seaboard monasteries -- Coldingham and Tynemouth -- were founded at unknown dates in the seventh century,(101) and others again -- Wearmouth and Jarrow -- post-dated the first plague.
Luxury goods found on rural sites -- a cowrie shell at Puddlehill in Bedfordshire, north French pottery at Chalton in Hampshire -- suggest wealth, exchange, and more than subsistence agriculture;(117) sceatta finds at hillforts point to the marketing of livestock;(118) the warriors who travelled in search of ring-giving kings are likely to have moved from one royal vill or high-status site to another;(119) bishops, if they did their duty, took the Gospel into remote countryside;(120) a travelling Briton, passing through a settlement, could join the locals in a feast.(121) There were a dozen forms of mobility to provide the putative means of transport for the infected fleas of bubonic plague and to link separated settlements via the infected humans of pneumonic plague.
Whitby and Jarrow, with their sceatta coins and craft products, may be cases in point.(126) At others, the reputation of a saint's shrine such as Cuthbert's might be expected to draw in `fugitives and guilty men', probably more intent on sanctuary than religious experience.(127) Of course, not all regions were thickly planted with monasteries and not all monasteries filled all these functions.
That artefact is the sceatta, the commonest of all Anglo-Saxon coins.
Wood examines the northern emporia of Quentovic and Dorestad in the light of recent re-examinations of the sceatta economy.
Ond ic waes mid Eormanrice ealle prage, paer me Gotena cyning gode dohte; se me beag forgeaf, burgwarena fruma, on pam siex hund waes smaetes goldes, gescyred sceatta scillingrime; pone ic Eadgilse on aeht sealde, minum hleodryhtne, pa ic to ham bicwom, leofum to leane, paes pe he me lond forgeaf, mines faeder epel, frea Myrginga.
A little later the homilist adds, "in this gospel it says that our tithe payment is tribute to poor people" ["on pissum godspelle saegp paet ure teopan sceattas syn earmra manna gafol"].
The first, distinctive English coins known as sceattas also occur in striking numbers.
The poet specifically associates Scedenig with scission when Hrothgar is called the best of those who portioned land-lots (sceattas daelde) between the seas in Scedenigge (1685-86).