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(ˈʃɔ loʊ)
Arthur (Leonard), born 1921, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1981.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Once again, LIA will present the 2019 Arthur L Schawlow Award for Pioneering Basic and Applied Research in Laser Science and Engineering at ICALEO.
In 1958, Bell Labs researchers Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow filed a patent application for the laser.
1960 - Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser.
[14] Devlin G, McKenna J, May A, Schawlow A (1962) Composite rod optical masers.
Schawlow Kai Manne Premio Nobel de Fisica por el Borje desarrollo de la espectroscopia Siegbahn electronica de alta resolucion.
In 1958 he and Arthur Schawlow (his brother-in-law) then realised they could do the same thing with light; he was consulting to Bell Labs at the time, so Bell patented the invention, but the first laser was made by Theodore Maiman, from Gould's concepts, because Townes was seconded to the US Government's Institute of Defense Analysis.
Schawlow, jointly published a theory in 1958 on the feasibility of optical and infrared masers, or lasers.
Schawlow, adapted his theory to show that visible light could replace microwaves; this led almost immediately to the first laser.
A team of professors at Columbia (Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow) and a graduate student working with them (Gordon Gould) submitted separate patent applications for an "optical maser," or laser.