schism(redirected from Schisms)
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1. A separation or division into factions: "[He] found it increasingly difficult to maintain party unity in the face of ideological schism over civil rights" (Nick Kotz).
a. A formal breach of union within a religious body, especially a Christian church.
b. The offense of attempting to produce such a breach.
[Middle English scisme, from Old French, from Latin schisma, schismat-, from Greek skhisma, from skhizein, to split; see skei- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The word schism, originally spelled scisme, cisme, and sisme in English, was formerly pronounced (sĭz′əm), without a (k) sound, as if it were etymologically related to scissors. (It isn't, or at least not in any straightforward way; see the Word History below.) The modern spelling with the h dates to the 1500s, when the word was respelled to resemble its Latin and Greek ancestors. The pronunciation with (k), (skĭz′əm), was once regarded as incorrect, but over the decades it has gained acceptability to the point where it now predominates in standard American usage. In our 2016 survey, 82 percent of the Usage Panel indicated that they use (skĭz′əm), while 14 percent said they use (sĭz′əm). A third pronunciation, (shĭz′əm), was preferred by just 4 percent. In 1997, the figures were 61 percent, 31 percent, and 8 percent, respectively, indicating that (skĭz′əm) may one day be the word's only common pronunciation.
Word History: Though scissors is technically not cognate with schism, its current spelling is influenced by the unrelated classical Latin word scissor, which meant "cutter." And that scissor was formed from sciss-, the past participle stem of scindō ("to split/cleave/cut/tear apart"), which was indeed cognate with schism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. the division of a group into opposing factions
2. the factions so formed
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) division within or separation from an established Church, esp the Roman Catholic Church, not necessarily involving differences in doctrine
[C14: from Church Latin schisma, from Greek skhisma a cleft, from skhizein to split]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
schism(ˈsɪz əm, ˈskɪz-)
1. division or disunion, esp. into mutually opposed parties.
2. the parties so formed.
a. a formal division within, or separation from, a church or religious body over some doctrinal difference.
b. the state of a sect or body formed by such division.
c. the offense of causing or seeking to cause such a division.
[1350–1400; < Middle French < Late Latin (Vulgate) sc(h)isma (s. sc(h)ismat-) < Greek, derivative of schízein to split, with -ma n. suffix of result]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
a division especially peculiar to a Christian church or a religious body. — schismatic, n. — schismatical, adj.See also: Religion
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1054, the formal separation between the Orthodox (eastern) and the Roman Catholic (western) Churches.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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|Noun||1.||schism - division of a group into opposing factions; "another schism like that and they will wind up in bankruptcy"|
division - the act or process of dividing
|2.||schism - the formal separation of a church into two churches or the withdrawal of one group over doctrinal differences|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
noun division, break, split, breach, separation, rift, splintering, rupture, discord, disunion The church seems to be on the brink of schism.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
1. An interruption in friendly relations:
2. A state of disagreement and disharmony:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
schism[ˈsɪzəm, ˈskɪzəm] N → cisma m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
schism[ˈskɪzəm ˈsɪzəm] n → schisme m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
schism[ˈsɪz/əm, ˈskɪz/əm] n → scisma m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995