Until recently, this disease was attributed solely to Schistosoma haematobium
, which was considered to have limited zoonotic potential (1).
Since studies with eugenol, thymol and linalol have shown that they presented molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria alexandrina and Bulinus truncatus, being these, respectively, intermediate hosts of the parasite Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma haematobium
, transmitter of the schistosomiasis disease (T Sharaf el-Din 2006).
The association between Schistosoma haematobium
and squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder is already well established.
cercariae transmission patterns in freshwater systems of Anambra State, Nigeria.
 It is endemic in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) Province, South Africa (SA), and Schistosoma haematobium
is the most common species.
Diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and spontaneous pneumothorax associated with Schistosoma haematobium
infestation of the lungs.
Insanlari enfekte edebilen esas olarak Schistosoma haematobium
, Schistosoma japonicum ve Schistosoma mansoni'dir.
Known risk factors for bladder cancer include tobacco smoke, occupational exposure to aromatic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and chronic urinary tract infections with Schistosoma haematobium
Ruppel, "Polymerase chain reaction assay based on a highly repeated sequence of Schistosoma haematobium
: A potential tool for monitoring schistosome-infested water," The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.
Fawole et al., "Prevalence and intensity of schistosoma haematobium
infections: a community based survey among school children and adults in wamakko town, sokoto state Nigeria," International Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol.
Mutapi, "Regulatory and activated T cells in human Schistosoma haematobium
infections," PLoS One, vol.