It was gravely said by some of the prelates in the Council of Trent, where the doctrine of the Schoolmen
bare great sway, that the Schoolmen
were like astronomers, which did feign eccentrics and epicycles, and such engines of orbs, to save the phenomena; though they knew there were no such things; and in like manner, that the Schoolmen
had framed a number of subtle and intricate axioms, and theorems, to save the practice of the church.
I have read Ockham, Bradwardine, and other of the schoolmen
, together with the learned Duns Scotus and the book of the holy Aquinas.
The things that had filled his days seemed now like a nursery parody of life, or like the wrangles of mediaeval schoolmen
over metaphysical terms that nobody had ever understood.
It is due also to the misunderstanding of him by the Aristotelian school; and the erroneous notion has been further narrowed and has become fixed by the realism of the schoolmen
But it is very easy to outrun the sympathy of readers on this topic, which schoolmen
called natura naturata, or nature passive.
The importance of this period is due in large part to the immense effort of medieval schoolmen
to better understand the sacrament of holy orders.
Wootton presents extensive evidence, much of it linguistic, that something genuinely new was going on in the 16th and 17th centuries, something essentially different from the attempts of the ancient Greeks or medieval schoolmen
at understanding the physical world.
Among other things, the schoolmen
turned their attention to religious rituals, especially to sacraments.
At this historical juncture, I simply do not think literary studies can afford to advertise as focal our familiar models of inwardly focused competitive debate--unless we are content to be cast as the Aristotelian schoolmen
of the twenty-first century, dancing on the head of a pin rather than (as feminists used to say) dancing through the minefields.
Then Hayek continues: "The medieval conception of social order was, however, still largely one of the particular status of different individuals or classes and only some of the late Spanish schoolmen
approached the conception of an abstract order based on a uniform law for all.
The struggle that occupied the schoolmen
for two centuries indelibly marked medieval Europe.
Simply as a point of fact, apart from the martyrs, the monks, the crusaders, the schoolmen
, the missionaries, and apart from the Mass, there would have been no such thing as "the West.