Schwann cell


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Schwann cell: ependymal cell

Schwann cell

 (shwän, shvän)
n.
Any of the cells that surround the axons of the peripheral nerves, forming the myelin sheath of myelinated nerve fibers and providing support for nonmyelinated nerve fibers. Also called neurilemma.

[After Theodor Schwann.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Schwann′ cell`


n.
a cell of the peripheral nervous system that wraps around a nerve fiber, jelly-roll fashion, forming the myelin sheath.
[1930–35; after T. Schwann, who first described it]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Schwann cell - any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cells eventually become undifferentiated stem cell-type cells in which Schwann cell lineage genes are downregulated and mesoderm development genes are upregulated, explains Michael Wegner.
An immunoperoxidase investigation of S-100 protein in granular cell myoblastomas: evidence for Schwann cell derivation.
Koski, "Antibody of patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome mediates complement-dependent cytolysis of rat Schwann cells: susceptibility to cytolysis reflects Schwann cell phenotype," Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol.
Terenghi, "Phenotypic and functional characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells differentiated along a Schwann cell lineage," Glia, vol.
Aligned fibers prepared via electrospinning enhance Schwann cell maturation to a greater degree compared to randomly oriented fibers [12].
On the other hand, antibodies developed in chicken displayed reactivity to 65-70, 63 and 54 kDa proteins present in Schwann cell lysates (Fig.
Laminin is an extracellular matrix protein for Schwann cell adhesion, critical for nerve regeneration.
Conduction of impulses by axons regenerated in a Schwann cell graft in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord.
Value of S-100 protein in the diagnosis of soft tissue tumors with particular reference to benign and malignant Schwann cell tumors.
We should point out that in one study, functional improvement was not observed following OEC transplantation but was observed following Schwann cell transplantation [64].
The role of cultured Schwann cell grafts in the repair of gaps within the peripheral nervous system of primates, Exp Neurol 1997:143:25-36.
The usual habitat in the nerve is the Schwann cell but occasionally the ensheathed axon becomes involved.