But to exercise the intellect the prince should read histories, and study there the actions of illustrious men, to see how they have borne themselves in war, to examine the causes of their victories and defeat, so as to avoid the latter and imitate the former; and above all do as an illustrious man did, who took as an exemplar one who had been praised and famous before him, and whose achievements and deeds he always kept in his mind, as it is said Alexander the Great imitated Achilles, Caesar Alexander, Scipio
"Well, well, friend Scipio
; let your master know that I'm coming," said the carpenter with a laugh.
!" he began; and then paused, with his arms folded over his heart.
As was Scipio
Africanus, of whom Livy saith in effect, Ultima primis cedebant.
As Garrick, whom I regard in tragedy to be the greatest genius the world hath ever produced, sometimes condescends to play the fool; so did Scipio
the Great, and Laelius the Wise, according to Horace, many years ago; nay, Cicero reports them to have been "incredibly childish." These, it is true, played the fool, like my friend Garrick, in jest only; but several eminent characters have, in numberless instances of their lives, played the fool egregiously in earnest; so far as to render it a matter of some doubt whether their wisdom or folly was predominant; or whether they were better intitled to the applause or censure, the admiration or contempt, the love or hatred, of mankind.
Hannibal had carried her arms into the heart of Italy and to the gates of Rome, before Scipio
, in turn, gave him an overthrow in the territories of Carthage, and made a conquest of the commonwealth.
The famous gentlemen of Asia and Europe have been of this strong type; Saladin, Sapor, the Cid, Julius Caesar, Scipio
, Alexander, Pericles, and the lordliest personages.
"Or of wisdom, my dear baron -- or of wisdom," said Louis XVIII., laughing; "the greatest captains of antiquity amused themselves by casting pebbles into the ocean -- see Plutarch's life of Scipio
Our Athos, who was as virtuous as Scipio
? Have you seen him?
The son Of Macedonian Philip had ere these Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held At his dispose; young Scipio
had brought down The Carthaginian pride; young Pompey quelled The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode.
They called him Scipio
. Nobody could do anything with him; and he was sold round from overseer to overseer, till at last Alfred bought him, because he thought he could manage him.
on coming to Africa stumbled as he leaped on shore; his soldiers took it as a bad omen; but he, clasping the soil with his arms, exclaimed, 'Thou canst not escape me, Africa, for I hold thee tight between my arms.' Thus, Sancho, meeting those images has been to me a most happy occurrence."