Yellowtail flounder seasonally co-occur with other commercially valued and managed flatfishes [e.g., winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum), summer flounder Paraliclithys dentatus (Linnaeus), fourspot flounder Paralichthys oblongus (Mitchill), and windowpane Scophthalmus aquosus
(Mitchill) (Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002)].
The collection of significantly smaller individuals of 6 fish species, Leucoraja spp., silver hake (Merluccius bilinearis), longhorn sculpin (Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus), windowpane (Scophthalmus aquosus
), red hake (Urophycis chuss), and ocean pout (Zoarces americanus), indicated that the beam trawl was more efficient than the bottom trawl at collecting juveniles (or younger age classes, <2 years old) for some taxa.
cuprea's major predators, but it is reported in gut contents of dasyatid skates and rays, Atlantic croaker Micropogonias undulatus, windowpane flounder Scophthalmus aquosus
, and spot Leiostomus xanthurus (Bowman et al., 2000).
Shiner perch Cymatogaster aggregata Shortbelly rockfish Sebastes jordani Short-finned squid Ilex illecebrosus Silver hake Merluccius bilinearis Skates Rajidae Smelts Osmeridae Spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias Spotted cusk eel Chilara taylori Squid/Octopus Cephalopoda Staghorn sculpin Leptocottus armatus Starry flounder Platichthys stellatus Walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma White croaker Genyonemus lineatus Windowpane flounder Scophthalmus aquosus
Yellowfin goby Acanthogobius flavimanus Yellowtail flounder Pleuronectes ferrugineus Table 3.--Summary of the current statut of the pinniped stocks reviewed.
No samples were available during September 2014 and March and May 2015 as a result of the establishment of a gear-restricted area as an accountability measure for windowpane (Scophthalmus aquosus
) in 2014 and 2015 (GARFO6'7).