Yet, through detailed ethnographic descriptions, Kloos shows how Islamic scripturalism
is much less pervasive in the daily religious practice of ordinary Acehnese than stereotypically assumed.
In adopting Salafi interpretations of Islam, Nampula City's Islamic reformists favour scripturalism
and criticize alternative understandings of Islam as illicit innovations (bidah).
The only purportedly systematic study on 'uzla to date, Joseph Dreher's "Etude sur l'origine et le sens du mot 'uzla dans la litterature ascetique et mystique," would have been more aptly called a study on asceticism (zuhd) for the most part, as it lumps the two together with other sub-themes of sufism--such as devotionalism (tanassuk)--without distinction other than to serve the author's focus on virtue, religiosity and scripturalism
. (60) It is not our task here to determine whether zuhd is a subset of 'uzla or vice-versa; it is enough to say that, although the two are interwoven, they are not one and the same.
Ambivalent sexism, scripturalism
literalism, and religiosity.
Describing this transformation as the 'break of monopoly of Islamic discourse,' the author states that the call to turn to the authoritative sources of Islam, the Quran and sunna, which he terms scripturalism
, was the unique representation of the reformers' response to their displacement.
This essay suggests that the Spirit-filled and empowered life invites a pneumatological imagination, hermeneutic, and theological method that carves out a via media between a fundamentalistic scripturalism
that neglects the ongoing work of the Spirit on the one side, and a subjectivistic experientialism that is untethered to the biblical and theological tradition on the other.
The governments instead promoted rationalist Buddhism, such as scripturalism
, Abhidhamma, and insight meditation, perceived to be 'exportable' forms of Buddhism and the essence of their Buddhist nationalism.
Reeves, 173-203; and for the latter, idem, "Manichaeans as Ahl al-Kitab: A Study in Manichaean Scripturalism
," in Light against Darkness: Dualism in Ancient Mediterranean Religion and the Contemporary World, ed.
(133) Eulalus' defence does not shy from admitting the "disquietnes" caused by "bold and indiscreet Sermons" but instead exclaims the core of experimental scripturalism
American modernist novels, whether crammed with political news developments or littered with unlikely-sounding advertisements, elongate the spectacle of modern life and its circumstances--broadening, then, long-standing conceptions of American character and spirit rooted in premodern scripturalism
and economic ingenuity, which must re-invent themselves as monumental counterweights to the infinite and coercive determinants of modern political realism.
The same scripturalism
, to use Rama's term, and medieval scholasticism that led Spaniards to quote Aristotle to justify colonization--a scholasticism that afflicted Bartolome de las Casas just as much as Juan Gines de Sepulveda (Hanke 1974)--prevented the synthesis of indigenous and European culture that would have laid the kind of constitutional foundations for Latin America that was created in New England or New France (Gruzinski 1993).
During the so-called Keterbukaan or 'Opening Up' of the later 'New Order' period, proponents of Islamic revivalism underwritten by scripturalism
or literal interpretations of the Qur'an and Hadith were also jockeying for an advantageous position (Liddle, 1996).