Thell.) (Baier and Gustafson, 1995; de Sousa, 1998), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) (Peruzzo and Arias, 1996), rye (Secale cereale
L.) (Aniol et al., 1980), and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) (Oettler et al., 2000).
A rye (Secale cereale
L.) cover crop decreased runoff in every month except February when the bare ground thawed more rapidly, and so absorbed more water, while the areas with the cover crop remained frozen for a longer period with greater runoff from rain and melting snow.
interference and economic thresholds in winter Triticum aestivum.
With aboveground biomass inputs ranging from 4 to 5 Mg ha-', cereal rye (Secale cereale
L.) and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) showed greater potential for increasing soil organic C in this temperate, humid region of Washington than Austrian winter pea (Lathyrus hirsutus L.), hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth), and canola (Brassica napus L.).
Selection of B chromosome in Secale cereale
and Lolium perenne.
In crosses between wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale
L.), swollen rye pollen tubes have been reported in wheat pistils (Lange and Wojciechowska, 1976; Jalani and Moss, 1980).
Interactions of a winter rye (Secale cereale
L.) cover crop, carbon input in a continuous corn (Zea mays L.) rotation, and tillage method is illustrated in the work of Ismail et al.
Similar explanations were proposed for introgression in oat (Avena sativa L.) and maize crosses (Kynast et al., 2001), potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) (+) tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) fusion hybrids (Jacoben and De Jong, 1995), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) x jointed goatgrass (Aegilops spp.) (Wang et al., 2002), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and wheat crosses (Malysheva et al., 2003), and wheat-rye (Secale cereale
L.) addition and substitution lines (Alkhimova et al., 1999).
In central Iowa, late summer planting of rye (Secale cereale
L.) and oats (Avena sativa L.) into existing soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) fields is being investigated as a potential cropping practice to improve water quality by reducing nitrate nitrogen loading to stream and groundwater sources.
Secondly, rye (Secale cereale
L.) a commonly used cover crop, which can overwinter in the upper Midwest and grow rapidly in the spring, often reduces the yield of the following corn crop.
(1998), was derived through intergeneric transfer from the rye (Secale cereale
L.) cultivar Turkey 77 to a common wheat carrying the 1BL.1RS wheat-rye translocation (Marais et al., 1994).
Additionally, a winter wheat-sunflower-fallow cropping system has effectively controlled downy brome (Bromus tectorum L.), jointed goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica Host), and volunteer cereal rye (Secale cereale
L.) in winter wheat (Lyon and Baltensperger 1995).