Emancipation Proclamation

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Emancipation Proclamation

Lincoln’s statement affirming the abolition of slavery as a war aim (1862). 4 million slaves were automatically freed (1863).
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And the July 1862 Second Confiscation Act declared "forever free" Confederate-owned slaves who made their way to federal lines or who resided in Confederate territory that fell to Union armies.
So in July of that year, Congress passed the Second Confiscation Act, freeing all slaves of disloyal masters whether or not the slaves were being used in military capacities.
A year later, in July 1862, Lincoln signed an even stronger Second Confiscation Act.

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