A The Crimean War B The Great War C The Second Crusade
D The Napoleonic War 13.
Following last year's endorsement campaign, he is on his second crusade
for the Korean lager that is often the butt of jokes among Korean beer drinkers.
The second crusade
the youth have taken to heart is a derivative of secession.
Ties of loyalty and mutual respect forged during the expedition to the Holy Land on the Second Crusade
(1147-49) endured through subsequent decades.
It was thanks to Nur al-Din's efforts that for the first time Muslim unity began to emerge and resulted in the defeat of the Franks in the second Crusade
The romantic narrative at the source of Amin Maalouf's French-language libretto tells the story of Jaufre Rudel, a 12th-century troubadour, who, without ever having met her, has fallen in love with the Countess of Tripoli, celebrates this "love from afar" in his lyrical poems and, according to legend, ends up dying in her arms on his way to the Second Crusade
. Featuring three single characters--Jaufre, the Countess (Clemence) and the Pilgrim--and counterpointed by a chorus in the manner of a Greek tragedy, L'amour de loin might be described as an oratorio or an extended cantata rather than as a typical opera, and is variously reminiscent of Debussy, Stravinsky and musical Expressionism.
The murder itself was never investigated by the civil authorities, perhaps because at the time, the area of England in which Norwich is situated, East Anglia, was engulfed in civil war, while the catastrophe of the Second Crusade
(1145-1149) brought much social disorder in its wake.
He describes her roles as queen of France and England, queen mother, and intercessor, and whether she was exceptional during the time, then looks at myths about her exceptionality and how the Black Legend and Golden Myth developed from the medieval and post-medieval periods, including the claim that she committed adultery with her uncle and her reputation as a warrior queen for her role in the rebellion of her sons against Henry II, as well as stories of her dressing as an Amazon during the Second Crusade
. He then discusses her image in French and Anglophone historiography, from the Enlightenment to feminism and New Age religion, and national and regional historiographies that view her as a southern or Occitan figure.
Despite major setbacks, including Zengi's conquest of Edessa and the failure of the Second Crusade
, the mid-twelfth-century kingdom of Jerusalem remained secure, although lack of resources soon drove Kings Baldwin III and Amalric to attempt the conquest of Egypt.
A sampling of topics: contrasting portrayals of martyrdom in the Hebrew narratives of the First and Second Crusade
, remembering the Crusades in the fabric of buildings, and aspects of hospitaller and templar memory.
There is, for example, a good study of Peter Damian and an important one on Bernard of Clairvaux, who defended Jews' lives during the Second Crusade
(in view of their expected ultimate conversion) but whose sermons and letters are replete with sentiments that are "strongly anti-Semitic" (p.