The resulting transformation of predominant landscapes has been that of species-rich mature forests to secondary succession
with dominance of babassu palms, to pasture or croplands containing palms at various densities.
Invasion of trees and secondary succession
on the New Jersey Piedmont.
(2.) Later In this article, I point out that a description of a forest in The Conjure Woman reveals a pattern of reforestation that ecologists term "secondary succession
," the process of a forest growing up from an abandoned field.
Mr Burnell said Mr Griffiths did not satisfy the criteria for secondary succession
because his mother was secondary successor as stated in the Housing Act 1985.
has been thoroughly studied, especially within old fields (e.g., Gleason 1928, Egler 1954, Connell and Slatyer 1977, Tilman 1987, Bazzaz 1990).
By including abandoned agricultural fields succeeding to forest, we did not limit our definition of secondary succession
to the "pure" case suggested by Vitousek et al.
Two of the five communities, representing "early secondary succession
," are meadows.
However, currently, there are only a few small and isolated forest fragments of this biome, which are in different stages of secondary succession
(Ribeiro et al., 2009).
Moreover, they contribute to the deposition of seeds in disturbed habitats (Wunderle, 1997) and initiation of secondary succession
Many studies report that secondary succession
can recover the properties of degraded soil and maintain soil fertility (Feldpausch et al.
It is also the main seed provider for the regeneration of natural gaps (BAIDER et al., 1999; DALLING et al., 1997; GARWOOD, 1989; SAULEI; SWAINE, 1988) and for areas in early stages of secondary succession
(BAIDER et al., 1999; FENNER, 1985).
Vegetation composition of a mature brushland, a replanted habitat and an unaided secondary succession
site (fallow field) were examined at one locale in the LRGV in 1999.