pollination

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pol·li·nate

 (pŏl′ə-nāt′)
v. pol·li·nat·ed, pol·li·nat·ing, pol·li·nates
1. To transfer pollen from an anther of an angiosperm to (a stigma, flower, or plant).
2. To transfer pollen from a microsporangium of a gymnosperm to (an ovule, cone, or plant).

[New Latin pollen, pollin-, pollen (from Latin, fine flour) + -ate.]

pol′li·na′tion n.
pol′li·na′tor n.

pol·li·na·tion

(pŏl′ə-nā′shən)
The process by which plant pollen is transferred from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organs to form seeds. In flowering plants, pollen is transferred from the anther to the stigma, often by the wind or by insects. In cone-bearing plants, male cones release pollen that is usually borne by the wind to the ovules of female cones.

pollinate verb
Did You Know? When a pollen grain lands on or is carried to the receptive tissue of a pistil known as the stigma, the flower has been pollinated. But this is only the first step in a complicated process that, if successful, leads to fertilization. The pollen grain contains two nuclei—a generative nucleus and a tube nucleus. The generative nucleus divides in two to form two sperm nuclei. The tube nucleus grows down into the pistil until it reaches one of the ovules contained in the ovary. The two sperm nuclei travel down the tube and enter the ovule. There, one sperm nucleus unites with the egg nucleus, fertilizing the egg. The other sperm nucleus combines with two other nuclei that exist in the ovule. The fused nuclei then develop into the endocarp, the tissue that feeds the embryo. The ovule itself develops into a seed that is contained in the flower's ovary (which we know as a fruit). In conifers, the ovule is exposed (that is, not contained in an ovary), and the pollen produced by male cones lands directly on the ovule in female cones. Fertilization in conifers is not as quick as in flowering plants—the pollen nuclei often take as long as a year to reach the ovule.

pollination

In flowering plants, the transfer of pollen from anther to stigma.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pollination - transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plantpollination - transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
fecundation, fertilisation, fertilization, impregnation - creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
cross-pollination - fertilization by transfer of pollen from the anthers of one flower to the stigma of another
self-pollination - fertilization by transfer of pollen from the anthers to the stigma of the same flower
Translations
تَلْقيح، تأبير
opylení
bestøvning
beporzás
frævun
opelenie
çiçek tozu yayma

pollination

[ˌpɒlɪˈneɪʃən] Npolinización f

pollination

[ˌpɒlɪˈneɪʃən] npollinisation f

pollination

nBestäubung f

pollination

[ˌpɒlɪˈneɪʃn] nimpollinazione f

pollen

(ˈpolən) noun
the powder inside a flower which fertilizes other flowers. Bees carry pollen from flower to flower.
pollinate (ˈpoləneit) verb
to make (a plant) fertile by carrying pollen to it from another flower. Insects pollinate the flowers.
ˌpolliˈnation noun
References in periodicals archive ?
SR94 is relatively easy-bolting, and although male-fertile plants are largely self-sterile, a significant degree of pseudo-self-fertility was observed under individual plant isolation.
In addition, the integrated system facilitates the FFR and OCT act, since the operation the doctor is able to self-sterile to make the description of the table by hand using the joystick.
The flowers of the bunchberry are self-sterile and depend on pollinating insects for fertilization.
That reminds me of the one time I got pollen on a normally self-sterile clone.
caryopsises dehiscent DNA fingerprinting drupe endocarp exocarp [F.sub.1] hybrid gamete gene homozygote inbred indehiscent mesocarp nut open-pollinated seeds parthenocarpy perfect pericarp pollen sac quantitative trait self-incompatible self-sterile tube nucleus zygote
Although few gardens are large enough for several apple trees, they should at least be able to accommodate two because no apple tree is completely self-sterile. Even those that have a reputation for setting a crop with their own pollen will do much better with cross-pollination.
Hazelnut are self-sterile, pollinizers such as Duchilly, Halls Giant and Butler are planted at a ration of one pollinizer to fourteen Barcelona or Ennis Trees (Lagerstedt and Thompson, 1980).