Finally there are four Samoyed chapters, one on Tundra Nenets by Lotta Jalava, one on Forest Enets and Tundra Enets by Florian Siegl, one on Nganasan by Sandor Szeverenyi and Beata Wagner-Nagy, and one on Selkup
and Kamas by Beata Wagner-Nagy (with the Kamas data contributed by Gerson Klumpp).
Cluster 2 (Circumpolar Eurasia): Eastern Sami; Ainu; Dolgan; Sym Evenki; Nganasan; Enets; Negidals; Mansi; Tundra Nenets; Southern Selkup
; Northern Selkup
; Ket, Yug; Eastern Khanty (Ostyaks); Northern Khanty; Nivkh; Far East Evenki; Nanai; Udihe; Oroch; Yukaghir; Evens (Lamuts); Baikal Evenki; Western Evenki; Yakut; Wotians; Sorbs;
The languages of the project: Eastern Khanty and Southern Selkup
, (i) are severely endangered, each numbers under 20 last proficient speakers; (ii) have existing legacy data in Tomsk with limited access, which is to be improved as a result of the project; (iii) are characterized by areal contact contiguity; (iv) are ethnographically consistent, with the last traditional culture practitioners.
(15.) << Il est significatif que partout le chamane soit, d'une maniere ou d'une autre, tributaire de sa communaute pour leur fabrication ; dans une societe organisee en moities comme celle des Selkup
du Ienissei, une moitie prepare le cadre du tambour, l'autre la peau qui lui servira de membrane ; et c'est precisement cette fonction de la communaute qui a pour fonction d'investir >> (Hamayon 1986 : 127).
The 54 languages include the following: Abaza, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Alutor, Andi, Archi, Bagvalal, Bezhta, Botlikh, Chamalal, Chukchee, Chulym, Dolgan, Enets, Even, Evenki, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Itelmen, Izhorian, Kaitag, Karata, Kerek, Ket, Khanty, Khvarshi, Koryak, Kubachi, Mansi, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Oroch, Orok, Rutul, Sami, Selkup
, Shor, Tat, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udege, Ulchi, Vepsian, Votian, Yug, Yukaghir, and Yupik.
Until 3,000 years ago, the Proto-Samoyed, the ancestors of the Enets, the Nenets, the Nganasan, and the Selkup
(and also the Kamasians, Koybal, and Mator, Altaic peoples that conserved their languages, closely related to Selkup
until the 19th century) were neighbors of the Ugrians of the Ob.
Kazakh, Uzbek, Turkmen, Mansi, Hanty, Selkup
, and other languages were measured on the basis of functioning of certain consonantal groups in a large sample.
Eastern Khanty, Southern Selkup
, Ket, Teleut, Nganasan) have also been thoroughly described (https://ling.tspu.edu.ru/en/archive.html?year=2015&issue=4; https://ling.tspu.edu.ru/en/archive.html?year=2016&issue=4; Vorobjova, Novitskaja, Girfanova, Vesnin 2017).
To the oldest layer of inherited stems belong stems that have cognates in one or several Samoyed languages: Nenets (Tundra or Forest Nenets), Enets, Nganasan, Selkup
, or already vanished Kamass and Mator and which are not loans from Indo-European.
The paper deals with the adnominal possessive constructions in Southern Selkup
. The Selkup
language is the sole living representative of the Southern Samoyedic group of the Uralic family.
In prior and contemporary research, the predicative conjugation in Nganasan has been classified as occupying an intermediate position between Selkup
and the other Northern Samoyedic languages ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1973 : 161;Wagner-Nagy 2011 : chapter 8) and from a pan-Samoyedic position, this assumption is sound.
Within this large expanse, three separate areas can be identified where grammaticalized evidentiality can be found in verb forms: the Baltic region (Estonian, Livonian), the Volga-Kama region (Komi, Udmurt, Mari), and northwestern Siberia (Northern Khanty and Mansi, Nenets, Enets, Selkup