(12) Coloniality, in other words, is a constitutive dimension of modernity--"there is no modernity without coloniality." Fred Dallmayr, in his Margins of Political Discourse, argues that the European bourgeoisie have designed the globe in such a way that they have "made barbarian and semibarbarian
countries dependent on the so called civilized ones, nations of peasants on nations of bourgeoisie, the nations of the East [and South] on the West." (13) Scholars have conceptualized colonialism as a Eurocentric process of expansion of a mode of knowing and representation "that claims universality for itself, derived from Europe's position as centre." (14) Anibal Quijano summarizes the platform of the modernity/coloniality project as follows:
Just as it has made the country dependent on the towns, so it has made barbarian and semibarbarian
countries dependent on the civilised ones, nations of peasants on nations of bourgeois, the East on the West.
The English-speaking powers and the Eurofederation "would become a Toynbeean 'Universal State,' with the United States in the role of the peripheral, semibarbarian
, unifying power." This could be sugar-coated as "the policy of democratic world order" (qtd.
Here our prime exhibit is Thomas Love Peacock, who declared in the accents of his negative primitivism that a modern poet was "a semibarbarian
in a civilized community....
Fleming's idea of "a free people" is further clarified by his examples of "Greek drama [and] Roman satire and epic" as "literatures of free and vigorous nations" and by his comparison of "Real poetry" to "the rebel yell that awakens tribal memories of semibarbarian