During the many centuries of Diaspora,however, the idea of a return to Zion may have been more deep-seated among the Sephardim
. Though rarely persecuted by their moslem neighbors, the Jews of Islam were denied full participation in the economy and society.
Among their topics are textiles travel: the role of Sephardim
in the transmission of textile forms and designs, independent Jewish women in medieval Egypt: enterprise and ambiguity, the unique case of the Syrian-Jewish immigrants in Egypt, from childhood to old age in 25 years: the Ecole Maimonide in Algiers 1940-64, and a 1789 report on the Moroccan court by Franz von Dombay that mentions Jewish courtiers.
Division and tension between Jewish communities followed other lines since the second half of the 16th centuryinternal strife with Jews of Iberian descent (Sephardim
), and social class and economic factorsbetween guild or mostly poor vs.
Spain has naturalized 4,538 applicants for citizenship by Sephardim
since the law went into effect last year.
The Norton Anthology of Jewish American Literature, for instance, largely confines Sephardic writing to its opening section, "The Literature of Arrival, 1654-1880," and the story it tells about Sephardim
in its prefatory materials suggests Sephardic literature all but disappeared after what it calls "The Great Tide." (2) Similarly, the otherwise diverse and eclectic volume Jewish in America answers its opening question--what does it mean to be Jewish in America?--with almost no consideration for the experiences, not to mention the art and culture of, Sephardim
and other Middle Eastern and North African Jews.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim
, are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).
(1) While Sephardim
still comprise only a small fraction of an overwhelmingly Ashkenazic American Jewish population, their numbers have increased considerably in the post-World War II era.
Among the topics are Sephardim
and their schools in Argentina from the 1920s to the 1960s, the diasporic imagination in Saed's Triple cronica de un numbre, Borges and the Kabbalah, Jewish puberty in contemporary Latin American cinema, and plausible alternatives in the Jewish Argentina integration game.
Inter-cultural Trade and the Sephardim
, 1560-1640, by Jessica Vance Roitman.
Although they had a similar socioeconomic profile, the Egyptian Jews who came to France were mostly Sephardim
. They came as refugees rather than as certified immigrants at a time when France was still recovering from World War II.
Though the story of the Ashkenazim and the Holocaust is well known, with countless works that have been published in many languages, Refael rightfully remarks that the descendants of the Sephardim
in Israel were hardly considered part of the national narrative of the Holocaust.
marigold, with which the Sephardim
of Salonika were accustomed to