The Litany is a universal and timeless confession of humanity's failings loosely based on the seven cardinal sins
Until the 11th century, people living in the Christian West used Gregory the Great's Seven Cardinal Sins
as their compass for moral conduct, rather than the Ten Commandments, which, after all, concerned Jews not Christians.
Martin examines the motif of the seven cardinal sins
, not across the whole seven books as might be expected, but within Voyage alone, linking each of the seven lost lords of Narnia to a particular vice.
In sharp contrast to the four cardinal virtues - justice, prudence, temperance and fortitude - the free market economy openly demonstrates its dependence on seven cardinal sins
- lust, gluttony, greed, sloth, wrath, envy, pride.
Commencing with the eight temptations (or logismoi) identified by Evagrius of Pontus (the Latin equivalents are gula, luxuria, avaritia, tristitia, ira, acedia, vana Gloria, and superbia), Tambling considers the codification undertaken by Gregory the Great who reduced the eight temptations to seven cardinal sins
(or 'tendencies' as they are called on p.
Greed begins where ambition ends, and the demarcation point is the difference between a long list of virtues and the small list of the seven cardinal sins
. Many business owners are faced with worry, concern, ambiguity and essentially no place to stand upon these days.