Helen becomes the educator: "It is left for Helen the schvartze to explain to these apikorsim the tradition of the shabbes
candles" (Ross 2000, 27-28).
They named their secret archive "Oyneg Shabbes
" (Joy of the Shabbat).
Called the Shabbes
Zhurnal (Sabbath Journal), the periodical was written in Yiddish and Hebrew, as well as English.
Another acronym is Shabbes
Mikro Koydesh (Shabbat, Bible and holy).
Inevitably, the Sabbath (Shabbes
) figures large in the life of such a family, with its solemn rituals and the delight taken in food for the occasion.
Backed by a tambourine and a bass, Carlebach tried to lead the audience through a song-story-exhortation about "the great shabbes
," a number that bore some melodic resemblance to the "Battle Hymn of the Republic." His performance appears to have consisted of his playing that single song for about 20 minutes straight, interwoven with encouragement and teachings about prayer, hope, love and the promise that "the sky is our witness, our tears our our witness, the whole world is our witness that tomorrow will be shabbes
Ester was brought up in a Jewish environment and celebrates all annual Jewish holidays such as Pesach, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and Chanukah, together with the weekly Shabbes
dinners with both her closest and extended family.
There was a shul within walking distance, but there were also beachside playgrounds nearby, where our kids could enjoy their long shabbes
Besides rare archival material, such as the Oyneg Shabbes
archives from the Warsaw Ghetto (9) or various Judenrat materials, community ledgers, and diaries and letters by isolated individuals, there are very few existing visual materials.
(7.) Sabbath (or shabbes
in Yiddish) denotes the Jewish day of rest that begins a few minutes before sunset on Friday night and lasts until nightfall on Saturday night.
As David Rome has so aptly concluded, "The conflict between the immigrants and the establishment, between employers and employees, had a class dimension when bitter strikes tore at the existing flimsy Jewish fraternal fabric." (29) All the same, as Laura Vaughan and Alan Penn remind us, employment in a company owned by co-religionists allowed Jewish workers to fulfill their religious obligations associated with Shabbes
(Sabbath) and high holidays.
"But I don't have any bakery goods for you today." Avrom had failed to take into account that, unlike during Purim when a tasty homentasch had awaited him, and unlike erev Shabbes
, when there were always kichel or mandlin to sample, today, in the midst of the transition to Peysadih, there would be no baking at the bakery.