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 (shăfts′bĕr′ē, -bə-rē), First Earl of Title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1621-1683.
English politician. Originally a Royalist, he later opposed Charles II in the English Civil War and is considered the founder of the Whig Party.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈʃɑːftsbərɪ; -brɪ)
1. (Biography) 1st Earl of, title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1621–83, English statesman, a major figure in the Whig opposition to Charles II
2. (Biography) 7th Earl of, title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1801–85, English evangelical churchman and social reformer. He promoted measures to improve conditions in mines (1842), factories (1833; 1847; 1850), and schools
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈʃæfts bə ri, ˈʃɑfts-)

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of, 1621–83, English statesman.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
In ten minutes she came out, she had on the cloak and shawl which she had worn when he took her to the Shaftesbury Theatre.
The monstrous fiction of a 'Popish Plot,' brought forward by Titus Oates, and the murderous frenzy which it produced, were demonstrations of the strength of the Protestant feeling, and the leader of the Whigs, the Earl of Shaftesbury, proposed that the Duke of York should be excluded by law from the succession to the throne in favor of the Duke of Monmouth, one of the king's illegitimate sons.
The piece is interesting chiefly because it suggested Pope's 'Dunciad.' Now, in 1682, the political tide again turned against Shaftesbury, and he fled from England.
Here in the guise of the old Bible story Dryden seeks to hold Lord Shaftesbury up to scorn because he tried to have a law passed which would prevent the King's brother James from succeeding to the throne, and which would instead place the Duke of Monmouth there.
In a day in June, at the hour when London moves abroad in quest of lunch, a young man stood at the entrance of the Bandolero Restaurant looking earnestly up Shaftesbury Avenue--a large young man in excellent condition, with a pleasant, good-humoured, brown, clean-cut face.
In London, as in New York, there are spots where it is unsafe for a man of yielding disposition to stand still, and the corner of Shaftesbury Avenue and Piccadilly Circus is one of them.
His lordship's gaze being a little slow in returning from the middle distance--for it was not a matter to be decided carelessly and without thought, this problem of carrying the length of Shaftesbury Avenue with a single brassy shot--he repeated the gossip from the home.
Latimer seated himself opposite to me and we started off through Charing Cross and up the Shaftesbury Avenue.
Shaftesbury is quoted as having pronounced it the test of truth -- a ridiculous assertion, for many a solemn fallacy has undergone centuries of ridicule with no abatement of its popular acceptance.
HONG Kong billionaire Samuel Tak Lee has launched legal proceedings against Shaftesbury, one of London's largest landlords, over a controversial capital raise, the company revealed yesterday.
(Alliance News) - Shaftesbury PLC said Tuesday it has been served with legal proceedings issued by companies controlled by 26% shareholder Samuel Tak Lee.