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Shaftes·bur·y(shăfts′bĕr′ē, -bə-rē), First Earl of Title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1621-1683.
English politician. Originally a Royalist, he later opposed Charles II in the English Civil War and is considered the founder of the Whig Party.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Biography) 1st Earl of, title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1621–83, English statesman, a major figure in the Whig opposition to Charles II
2. (Biography) 7th Earl of, title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1801–85, English evangelical churchman and social reformer. He promoted measures to improve conditions in mines (1842), factories (1833; 1847; 1850), and schools
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Shaftes•bur•y(ˈʃæfts bə ri, ˈʃɑfts-)
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of, 1621–83, English statesman.
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