In 1977, Iranians had become very disillusioned with Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi
, a pro-Western, United States of America-backed monarch whose reign gained global notoriety.
The coup saw the formation of a military government under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
, who progressed from a constitutional monarch to an authoritarian one who relied heavily on United States' support to hold on to power until his own overthrow in February 1979.
The highest echelons of the regime still comprise those who are very distrustful of the US, owing to America's long years of support for the monarchy of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who led the 1979 revolution that toppled the Shah.
Gone are the days when one American Allen Dulles could precipitate a revolt in Iran against premier Mossadeq and restore Raza Shah Pahlavi
as the US puppet on
He had worked for Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
's regime as Iran's representative to UNESCO.
It was the suffocating and oppressive monarchical rule of King Raza Shah Pahlavi
which worked as catalyst for the clergy led revolution there.
LAHORE: n a cold and drizzly evening of 29 January 1979, 40 years ago, Iran's dictator the Shah of Iran Reza Shah Pahlavi
decided to heed the advice of Ahmed Shamlu - modern Iran's greatest poet - and end the unspeakable silence that he had engulfed his people in for about four decades.
They became political symbols in 1936, when Iran's pro-Western ruler Reza Shah Pahlavi
banned the garments amid his efforts to rapidly modernize Iran.
But less than eight years later, Iran had a new leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who referred to this gathering as "the devil's festival."Before the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Khomeini had been living in exile (in Turkey, Iraq, and finally in Paris), owing to his denunciation of Iran's Westernization and dependence on the United States under Shah Pahlavi
. In 1953, the U.S.
On February 11, 1979, massive protests on the streets of Iran's major cities paved the way for the collapse of the pro-US monarch, Reza Shah Pahlavi
However, his official 'start' came in 1966 when he performed in front of the Shah of Iran Reza Shah Pahlavi
. The Shah of Iran was so moved by his performance that he gave Aziz Mian a gold medal.
SAVAK (Sazeman-e Ettela'at va Amniyat-e Keshvar) literally "Organization of National Intelligence and Security' was one of the most notorious secret police agency of the Iranian regime under the Iranian Monarch Raza Shah Pahlavi
. The agency was tasked to trace the opposition elements in the society, and keep strict surveillance on the potential agitators.