In the late 1920s, agricultural collectivization, rapid industrialization, and the Shakhty
Affair, a precursor to the Great Purges, formed the scaffolding of the Stalinist system (chapter 8).
In the 1928 trial of veteran engineers accused of sabotage in the Kazakhstan city of Shakhty
, "the twelve-year-old son of one of the accused featured among those who demanded the death penalty" (153).
There is an idea expressed in Hinduism that "having lost Shakhty
which embodies female vital force, Shiva, being the embodiment of the ability to act becomes a dead body." Women in the forest embodied a vital force that inspired men to act in the outer world: to protect those for whom they took responsibility, to collect food for them, to fight the enemy.
But, as she waited at a bus stop in the Russian mining town of Shakhty
, a middle-aged man with bottle-top glasses and a long neck struck up a conversation.
The new cities include Krasnodar, Ujno-Sakhalinsk, Kemerovo, Novotroitsk, Bratsk, Angarsk, Biysk, Rubtsovsk, Prokopyevsk, Tolyatti, Novokuybyshevsk, Saratov, Dimitrovgrad, Astrakhan, Taganrog, Shakhty
, Novocherkassk, Novomoskovsk, Rybinsk, Magnitogorsk, Orsk, and Kamensk Uralskiy.
These de facto practices continued to be implemented even after the 1928 Shakhty
trial sounded the ideological alarm against professionals with non-sanctioned class identities and even after the Cultural Revolution put an end to similar situations in other, less overtly political, educational institutions.
Chikatilo was made redundant and reduced to working at a Shakhty
mining school, where his wife also found a job.
The first is headquartered in Shakhty
and comprises 29 underground mines.
Materials from the Soviet Union that became the foundation for the Czechoslovak secret police training courses in 1949 included the transcript of the Shakhty
trial, the speech of the Soviet prosecutor in the Moscow trials, and materials from the trial of Genrikh Iagoda, the main Soviet secret police official in building the NKVD during the Great Terror in the 1930s, suggesting the long shadow of the 1930s and its explicit links to the party trials in Eastern Europe in the 1950s.