sharpen

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sharp·en

 (shär′pən)
tr. & intr.v. sharp·ened, sharp·en·ing, sharp·ens
To make or become sharp or sharper.

sharp′en·er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

sharpen

(ˈʃɑːpən)
vb
1. to make or become sharp or sharper
2. (Music, other) music to raise the pitch of (a note), esp by one chromatic semitone. Usual US and Canadian word: sharp
ˈsharpener n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sharp•en

(ˈʃɑr pən)

v.t., v.i.
to make or become sharp or sharper.
[1400–50]
sharp′en•er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

sharpen


Past participle: sharpened
Gerund: sharpening

Imperative
sharpen
sharpen
Present
I sharpen
you sharpen
he/she/it sharpens
we sharpen
you sharpen
they sharpen
Preterite
I sharpened
you sharpened
he/she/it sharpened
we sharpened
you sharpened
they sharpened
Present Continuous
I am sharpening
you are sharpening
he/she/it is sharpening
we are sharpening
you are sharpening
they are sharpening
Present Perfect
I have sharpened
you have sharpened
he/she/it has sharpened
we have sharpened
you have sharpened
they have sharpened
Past Continuous
I was sharpening
you were sharpening
he/she/it was sharpening
we were sharpening
you were sharpening
they were sharpening
Past Perfect
I had sharpened
you had sharpened
he/she/it had sharpened
we had sharpened
you had sharpened
they had sharpened
Future
I will sharpen
you will sharpen
he/she/it will sharpen
we will sharpen
you will sharpen
they will sharpen
Future Perfect
I will have sharpened
you will have sharpened
he/she/it will have sharpened
we will have sharpened
you will have sharpened
they will have sharpened
Future Continuous
I will be sharpening
you will be sharpening
he/she/it will be sharpening
we will be sharpening
you will be sharpening
they will be sharpening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sharpening
you have been sharpening
he/she/it has been sharpening
we have been sharpening
you have been sharpening
they have been sharpening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sharpening
you will have been sharpening
he/she/it will have been sharpening
we will have been sharpening
you will have been sharpening
they will have been sharpening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sharpening
you had been sharpening
he/she/it had been sharpening
we had been sharpening
you had been sharpening
they had been sharpening
Conditional
I would sharpen
you would sharpen
he/she/it would sharpen
we would sharpen
you would sharpen
they would sharpen
Past Conditional
I would have sharpened
you would have sharpened
he/she/it would have sharpened
we would have sharpened
you would have sharpened
they would have sharpened
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.sharpen - make sharp or sharper; "sharpen the knives"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
strap - sharpen with a strap; "strap a razor"
edge - provide with an edge; "edge a blade"
strop - sharpen on a strop; "strop razors"
whet - sharpen by rubbing, as on a whetstone
hone - sharpen with a hone; "hone a knife"
blunt, dull - make dull or blunt; "Too much cutting dulls the knife's edge"
2.sharpen - make crisp or more crisp and precise; "We had to sharpen our arguments"
compound, deepen, intensify, heighten - make more intense, stronger, or more marked; "The efforts were intensified", "Her rudeness intensified his dislike for her"; "Pot smokers claim it heightens their awareness"; "This event only deepened my convictions"
3.sharpen - become sharp or sharper; "The debate sharpened"
deepen, intensify - become more intense; "The debate intensified"; "His dislike for raw fish only deepened in Japan"
4.sharpen - put (an image) into focus; "Please focus the image; we cannot enjoy the movie"
adjust, correct, set - alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; "Adjust the clock, please"; "correct the alignment of the front wheels"
refocus - put again into focus or focus more sharply; "refocus the image until it is very sharp"
5.sharpen - make (images or sounds) sharp or sharper
focus - cause to converge on or toward a central point; "Focus the light on this image"
change intensity - increase or decrease in intensity
soften - make (images or sounds) soft or softer
6.sharpen - raise the pitch of (musical notes)
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
flatten, drop - lower the pitch of (musical notes)
7.sharpen - give a point to; "The candles are tapered"
change form, change shape, deform - assume a different shape or form
acuminate - make sharp or acute; taper; make (something) come to a point
8.sharpen - make (one's senses) more acute; "This drug will sharpen your vision"
compound, deepen, intensify, heighten - make more intense, stronger, or more marked; "The efforts were intensified", "Her rudeness intensified his dislike for her"; "Pot smokers claim it heightens their awareness"; "This event only deepened my convictions"
subtilise, subtilize - make (senses) more keen
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

sharpen

verb
1. improve, enhance, better, upgrade, hone, brush up, touch up, ameliorate, polish up You can sharpen your skills with rehearsal.
2. make sharp, hone, whet, grind, edge, file, strop, put an edge on He started to sharpen his knife.
3. fuel, fire, stir, arouse, excite, animate, rouse, quicken, inflame, enliven, inspirit The case has sharpened the debate over capital punishment.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

sharpen

verb
To give a sharp edge to:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَشْحَذ، يَبْري
naostřitořezatostřit
slibespidse
hegyezkihegyez
skerpa, brÿna; ydda
naostriťzastrúhať
brusitišiliti
sivriltmek

sharpen

[ˈʃɑːpən]
A. VT
1. (= make sharp) [+ tool, blade] → afilar; [+ pencil] → sacar punta a, afilar
to sharpen sth to a pointafilar algo hasta sacarle punta
2. (= intensify, increase) [+ reactions] → agudizar; [+ resolve] → aumentar; [+ contrast] → marcar; [+ appetite] → abrir; [+ skills] → mejorar
this will sharpen awareness of other people's needsesto hará que se tome más conciencia de las necesidades de los demás
to sharpen one's witsespabilarse
3. (= make clearer) [+ image] → definir, hacer más nítido
B. VI [voice] → volverse más agudo; [desire] → avivarse; [pain] → agudizarse
sharpen up
A. VT + ADV [+ person] → espabilar
to sharpen up one's actenmendarse
B. VI + ADV [person] → espabilarse
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

sharpen

[ˈʃɑːrpən] vt
[+ blade, knife, scissors] → aiguiser; [+ pencil] → tailler
[+ feeling] → aviver; [+ appetite] → aiguiser
[+ skills, understanding] → affiner
[+ disagreement] → aviver; [+ difference] → accentuer
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

sharpen

vt
knifeschleifen, schärfen, wetzen; razorwetzen; pencilspitzen; (fig) appetiteanregen; witsschärfen; sensationerhöhen; to sharpen one’s claws (lit, fig)seine Krallen wetzen
(Mus, by a semitone) → (um einen Halbton) erhöhen; (= raise pitch)höher singen/spielen/stimmen
vi her voice sharpened (in fear, anxiety etc) → ihre Stimme wurde schrill
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

sharpen

[ˈʃɑːpn] vt
a. (tool, blade) → affilare; (pencil) → temperare
b. (outline) → mettere in risalto, far spiccare; (contrast, difference) → sottolineare, evidenziare; (TV picture) → mettere a fuoco; (conflict) → intensificare; (desire, pain) → acuire; (appetite) → aguzzare, stuzzicare
to sharpen one's wits → aguzzare l'ingegno
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

sharp

(ʃaːp) adjective
1. having a thin edge that can cut or a point that can pierce. a sharp knife.
2. (of pictures, outlines etc) clear and distinct. the sharp outline of the mountain.
3. (of changes in direction) sudden and quick. a sharp left turn.
4. (of pain etc) keen, acute or intense. He gets a sharp pain after eating.
5. (often with with) severe. Don't be so sharp with the child!; She got a sharp reproach from me.
6. alert. Dogs have sharp ears.
7. shrill and sudden. a sharp cry.
8. of a musical note, raised a semitone; too high in pitch. F sharp; That last note was sharp.
adverb
1. punctually. Come at six (o'clock) sharp.
2. with an abrupt change of direction. Turn sharp left here.
3. at too high a pitch. You're singing sharp.
noun
1. a sharp note. sharps and flats.
2. a sign (#) to show that a note is to be raised a semitone.
ˈsharpen verb
to make or grow sharp. He sharpened his pencil.
ˈsharpener noun
an instrument for sharpening. a pencil-sharpener.
ˈsharply adverb
in a sharp manner. a sharply-pointed piece of glass; The road turned sharply to the left; He rebuked her sharply.
ˈsharpness noun
sharp practice
dishonesty or cheating.
ˌsharp-ˈwitted adjective
intelligent and alert. a sharp-witted boy.
look sharp
to be quick or to hurry. Bring me the books and look sharp (about it)!
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
She brings everything to a grindstone,' said Steerforth, and sharpens it, as she has sharpened her own face and figure these years past.
In militar commanders and soldiers, vain-glory is an essential point; for as iron sharpens iron, so by glory, one courage sharpeneth another.
Meantime the master looked to see what the table was properly laid, and took the great knife, wherewith he was going to carve the chickens, and sharpened it on the steps.
The cook borrowed a stone from Johansen and proceeded to sharpen the knife.
They assembled on a certain day to carry out their purpose, and sharpened their horns for the contest.
Hatchets, knives, bayonets, swords, all brought to be sharpened, were all red with it.
And when they cut long stakes, sharpened at their upper ends, and set them at intervals upright in the bottom of the pit, his wonderment but increased, nor was it satisfied with the placing of the light cross-poles over the pit, or the careful arrangement of leaves and earth which completely hid from view the work the black men had performed.
The original causes which dispose men to the things which I have mentioned are, taken in one manner, seven in number, in another they are more; two of which are the same with those that have been already mentioned: but influencing in a different manner; for profit and honour sharpen men against each other; not to get the possession of them for themselves (which was what I just now supposed), but when they see others, some justly, others [1302b] unjustly, engrossing them.
And here his sagacity must make it needless to observe how artfully these chapters are calculated for that excellent purpose; for in these we have always taken care to intersperse somewhat of the sour or acid kind, in order to sharpen and stimulate the said spirit of criticism.
"Suppose we take our breakfast?" was Joe's unpoetical change of tune, at last, for the keen, open air had mightily sharpened his appetite.
They are bound to think you are on your own, and their shears are all sharpened for the trimming of newcomers like you."
Our appetites being sharpened by the frosty voyage, and in particular, Queequeg seeing his favorite fishing food before him, and the chowder being surpassingly excellent, we despatched it with great expedition: when leaning back a moment and bethinking me of Mrs.