In the words of Cabrita in reference to Isaiah Shembe
of the Nazaretha Church, a member of the Zionist tradition as they are called in that region, "he began to teach a revivalist brand of Christianity, emphasizing the importance of breaking with old, corrupt manners, and instead embracing biblical instructions for holy living.
The town will see parades, displays and spectacular performances, including King Cetshwayo: The Musical, which portrays the life of King Cetshwayo, leader of the Zulu Kingdom during the Anglo-Zulu war of 1879, through a powerful new musical, featuring live music, traditional shembe
dance, projection and storytelling on August 23-25.
was undoubtedly affected by the evangelical revivalism of the time, particularly those practices found in the new movements of Zionism and Pentecostalism, but it is doubtful whether his church could be described as "Zionist" as Tishken does (7), for Zionist churches have very different histories and antecedents.
It considers the way Shembe
used hymns to imagine the South African situation and looks at the hymns and performances from the perspective of the performers, arguing that even though the sacred dance is meant to be worship and performers are meant to dance in a uniform way, many dancers individualized it.
founded Ibandla lamaNazaretha, the Nazareth Baptist Church, in around 1910, the same year in which the Union of South Africa was formed.
Those sections of the population which are closer to non-literacy in the English language in South Africa prefer the Zionist affiliations, Pentecostalism, the Shembe
group (Prah 2015, p.
org), la plus grande organisation mondiale de protection des grands felins, pour expedier de fausses peaux de leopard en Afrique afin de contribuer a proteger cette espece menacee dont la fourrure est portee de maniere ceremonielle par les adeptes de l'eglise de Shembe
en Afrique du Sud.
The hymns were composed in the isiZulu language by Isaiah and Galilee Shembe
between 1910 and 1940, drawing on the Biblical Psalms as well as local and African American influences.
Every year, faithful from the Nazareth Baptist Church make a pilgrimage to Ebuhleni Mission, where their church's founder Isaiah Shembe
lived in the southeastern part of the country.
Under the agreement, Shembe
will be recognized as the inventor of the vuvuzela, an instrument his followers say he created a century ago using antelope horns.
For this instalment of the CityScapes series Pather engaged three culturally-specific forms: Shembe
, (13) Celtic (14) and classical Indian dancing in the form of Kathak.
There is a fair amount of repetition and some truly surprising omissions (neither Isaiah Shembe
nor Zionism appear in the index, for example).