sheriff

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Related to Shire-reeve: Sir Robert Peel

sher·iff

 (shĕr′ĭf)
n.
1. A public officer in the United States with responsibility for certain law enforcement and administrative legal duties, such as making arrests and serving processes, usually for a particular county.
2. A public officer in various other countries performing certain law enforcement, judicial, or ceremonial functions.

[Middle English, the representative of royal authority in a shire, from Old English scīrgerēfa : scīr, shire + gerēfa, reeve.]

sheriff

(ˈʃɛrɪf)
n
1. (Law) (in the US) the chief law-enforcement officer in a county: popularly elected, except in Rhode Island
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in England and Wales) the chief executive officer of the Crown in a county, having chiefly ceremonial duties.
3. (Professions) (in Scotland) a judge in any of the sheriff courts
4. (Law) (in Scotland) a judge in any of the sheriff courts
5. (Professions) (in Australia) an administrative officer of the Supreme Court, who enforces judgments and the execution of writs, empanels juries, etc
6. (Law) (in Australia) an administrative officer of the Supreme Court, who enforces judgments and the execution of writs, empanels juries, etc
7. (Professions) (in New Zealand) an officer of the High Court
8. (Law) (in New Zealand) an officer of the High Court
[Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīr shire1 + gerēfa reeve1]
ˈsheriffdom n

sher•iff

(ˈʃɛr ɪf)

n.
1. the law-enforcement officer of a county or other civil subdivision of a state.
2. (formerly) an important civil officer in an English shire.
[before 1050; Old English scīrgerēfa. See shire, reeve1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sheriff - the principal law-enforcement officer in a countysheriff - the principal law-enforcement officer in a county
law officer, lawman, peace officer - an officer of the law

sheriff

noun
Related words
adjective shrieval
Translations
الشَّريف
šerif
sherif
seriff
lögreglustjóri
šerifas
šerifs
šerif
šerif
şerif

sheriff

[ˈʃerɪf]
A. N (in US) → alguacil m, sheriff m; (in England) → gobernador m civil; (in Scotland) → juez mf
B. CPD sheriff court N (Scot) → tribunal m de distrito

sheriff

[ˈʃɛrɪf] nshérif m

sheriff

nSheriff m; (Scot) → Friedensrichter(in) m(f)

sheriff

[ˈʃɛrɪf] nsceriffo

sheriff

(ˈʃerif) noun
in the United States, the chief law officer of a county, concerned with maintaining peace and order.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sheriff derives from 'shire-reeve', a reeve being the Sovereign's representative in the shire, responsible for all things under the Crown such as maintaining law and order, raising armies if the country went to war and raising levies on the Crown's land.
The institution of shirriffs or shire-reeves, is a historical one stemming from Anglo-Saxon times, but there are no records of the Mayor of a pre-Norman Conquest English shire or of the institution of Mayorship, which in its etymology is French and Latin.