last(redirected from Shoe-last)
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These adjectives mean coming after all others in chronology or sequence. Last applies to what comes at the end of a series: the last day of the month. Something final stresses the definitiveness and decisiveness of the conclusion: Somehow he always seems to get the final word in what we end up doing. Terminal applies to what marks or forms a limit or boundary, as in space, time, or development: That railroad's terminal city is a town with a large harbor. Ultimate applies to what concludes a series, process, or progression or constitutes a final result or objective: the ultimate sonata of that opus; our ultimate goal; the ultimate effect.
adj. a superl. of late with later as compar.
Lasta load or burden; an amount of cod or herrings [12 barrels]; a measure of grain or malt [80 bushels], hence, a large, indefinite number.
Last can be an adjective or an adverb.
The last thing, event, or person of a particular kind is the one that comes after all the others.
If you want to emphasize that someone or something is the last one of their kind, you can put very in front of last.
Latest is sometimes used in a similar way.
If something last happened on a particular occasion, it has not happened since then.
If an event is the final one in a series of similar events, you can say that it happens last. You put last at the end of a clause.
However, last and lastly are not always used in the same way. You usually use last to say that an event is the final one in a series of similar events. You use lastly when you are talking about events which are not similar.
For example, if you say 'George phoned his aunt last', you usually mean that George had phoned several people and that his aunt was the last person he phoned. If you say 'Lastly George phoned his aunt', you mean that George had done several things and that the last thing he did was to phoned his aunt.
Lastly has a much more common use. You use it to introduce a final point in a discussion, ask a final question, give a final instruction, or mention a final item in a list.
At last and at long last are used to show that something that you have been waiting for or expecting for a long time has happened. These expressions usually go at the beginning or end of a clause.
You use last in front of a word such as week or month to say when something happened. For example, if it is August and something happened in July, you say that it happened last month.
Don't say that something happened 'the last month' or 'the last week'.
Last can be used in a similar way in front of the names of festivals, seasons, months, or days of the week.
Don't, however, say 'last morning' or 'last afternoon'. Say yesterday morning or yesterday afternoon.
Don't say 'last evening'. Say yesterday evening or last night.
When you are describing something that happened in the past and you want to refer to an earlier period of time, you use previous or before instead of 'last'. For example, if you are talking about events that happened in 2005 and you want to mention something that happened in 2004, you say that it happened the previous year or the year before.
You use before last to refer to the period of time immediately before the most recent one of its kind. For example, the year before last means 'the year before last year'.
You can also use last to refer to any period of time measured back from the present. For example, if it is July 23rd and you want to refer to the period from July 2nd to the present, you refer to it as the last three weeks. Note that you must use the. If you want to say that something happened during this period, you say that it happened in the last three weeks or during the last three weeks.
Note the order of words in these examples. Don't say 'the eight last days' or 'the few last years'.
Don't use 'in the last' or 'during the last' on their own with a plural noun such as 'years' or 'days'. For example, don't say 'Many changes have been made in the last years'. Use a quantity word or a number. For example, say 'Many changes have been made in the last few years'. Or use recent instead. For example, you can say 'Many changes have been made in recent years'.
You use latest or last to talk about one of a series of events which is continuing to happen, or one of a series of things which someone is continuing to have or produce.
If one of a series of events is happening now or has just happened, you refer to it as the latest one.
You refer to the event before the latest one as the last one. If no event of the kind you are talking about has happened recently, you refer to the most recent one as the last one.
If someone keeps having or producing a series of things, you refer to the one they have now or the one they have produced most recently as their latest one.
You refer to the one before their latest one as their last one. If they have not had or produced one recently, you refer to their most recent one as their last one.
You can talk about more than one thing in this way by putting last in front of a number. For example, you can talk about 'his last three books'.
Past participle: lasted
|Noun||1.||last - the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season"|
|2.||last - the last or lowest in an ordering or series; "he was the last to leave"; "he finished an inglorious last"|
rank - relative status; "his salary was determined by his rank and seniority"
|3.||last - a person's dying act; the final thing a person can do; "he breathed his last"|
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
|4.||last - the time at which life ends; continuing until dead; "she stayed until his death"; "a struggle to the last"|
|5.||last - a unit of weight equal to 4,000 pounds|
|6.||last - a unit of capacity for grain equal to 80 bushels|
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
|7.||last - the concluding parts of an event or occurrence; "the end was exciting"; "I had to miss the last of the movie"|
conclusion, ending, finish - event whose occurrence ends something; "his death marked the ending of an era"; "when these final episodes are broadcast it will be the finish of the show"
end game, endgame - the final stages of a chess game after most of the pieces have been removed from the board
end game, endgame - the final stages of an extended process of negotiation; "the diplomatic endgame"
homestretch - the end of an enterprise; "they were on the homestretch when the computer crashed"
passing - the end of something; "the passing of winter"
|8.||last - holding device shaped like a human foot that is used to fashion or repair shoes|
holding device - a device for holding something
|Verb||1.||last - persist for a specified period of time; "The bad weather lasted for three days"|
measure - have certain dimensions; "This table surfaces measures 20inches by 36 inches"
|2.||last - continue to live through hardship or adversity; "We went without water and food for 3 days"; "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"; "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"; "how long can a person last without food and water?"|
live, be - have life, be alive; "Our great leader is no more"; "My grandfather lived until the end of war"
subsist, exist, survive, live - support oneself; "he could barely exist on such a low wage"; "Can you live on $2000 a month in New York City?"; "Many people in the world have to subsist on $1 a day"
hold water, stand up, hold up - resist or withstand wear, criticism, etc.; "Her shoes won't hold up"; "This theory won't hold water"
perennate - survive from season to season, of plants
live out - live out one's life; live to the end
|Adj.||1.||last - immediately past; "last Thursday"; "the last chapter we read"|
past - earlier than the present time; no longer current; "time past"; "his youth is past"; "this past Thursday"; "the past year"
|2.||last - coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining; "the last time I saw Paris"; "the last day of the month"; "had the last word"; "waited until the last minute"; "he raised his voice in a last supreme call"; "the last game of the season"; "down to his last nickel"|
first - preceding all others in time or space or degree; "the first house on the right"; "the first day of spring"; "his first political race"; "her first baby"; "the first time"; "the first meetings of the new party"; "the first phase of his training"
|3.||last - occurring at or forming an end or termination; "his concluding words came as a surprise"; "the final chapter"; "the last days of the dinosaurs"; "terminal leave"|
closing - final or ending; "the closing stages of the election"; "the closing weeks of the year"; "the closing scene of the film"; "closing remarks"
|4.||last - most unlikely or unsuitable; "the last person we would have suspected"; "the last man they would have chosen for the job"|
unlikely - has little chance of being the case or coming about; "an unlikely story"; "an unlikely candidate for reelection"; "a butcher is unlikely to preach vegetarianism"
|5.||last - occurring at the time of death; "his last words"; "the last rites"|
dying - in or associated with the process of passing from life or ceasing to be; "a dying man"; "his dying wish"; "a dying fire"; "a dying civilization"
|6.||last - conclusive in a process or progression; "the final answer"; "a last resort"; "the net result"|
ultimate - furthest or highest in degree or order; utmost or extreme; "the ultimate achievement"; "the ultimate question"; "man's ultimate destiny"; "the ultimate insult"; "one's ultimate goal in life"
|7.||last - highest in extent or degree; "to the last measure of human endurance"; "whether they were accomplices in the last degree or a lesser one was...to be determined individually"|
high - greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount; "a high temperature"; "a high price"; "the high point of his career"; "high risks"; "has high hopes"; "the river is high"; "he has a high opinion of himself"
|8.||last - not to be altered or undone; "the judge's decision is final"; "the arbiter will have the last say"|
|9.||last - lowest in rank or importance; "last prize"; "in last place"|
worst - (superlative of `bad') most wanting in quality or value or condition; "the worst player on the team"; "the worst weather of the year"
|Adv.||1.||last - most_recently; "I saw him last in London"|
|2.||last - the item at the end; "last, I'll discuss family values"|
hindmost first, foremost
final first, opening, earliest, initial, introductory
"Many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first" Bible: St. Mark
end, stop, die, fail, fade, cease, depart, expire, terminate
I've seen her twice in the last week → la he visto dos veces en la última semana
the last few weeks have been hectic → las últimas semanas han sido muy ajetreadas
over the last few months → durante los últimos meses
he hasn't been seen these last two years → no se lo ha visto en los últimos dos años
last Christmas we went to my mother's → las Navidades pasadas fuimos a casa de mi madre
the last time we went, it rained → la última vez que fuimos, llovió
on Monday last (frm) → el pasado lunes
last Friday/month/year → el viernes/el mes/el año pasado
this time last year → el año pasado por estas fechas
last week → la semana pasada
this time last week → la semana pasada a estas horas
see also night A1
the last Friday of the month → el último viernes del mes
the last Sunday before Christmas → el último domingo antes de Navidad
the last door on the right → la última puerta a la derecha
the last three pages of the book → las tres últimas paginas del libro
he spent the last few years of his life here → pasó los últimos años de su vida aquí
last but one → penúltimo
down to the last detail → hasta el más mínimo detalle, hasta el último detalle
the Last Judg(e)ment → el Juicio Final
to fight to the last man (lit, fig) → luchar hasta el último aliento
I was the last person to arrive/to see him alive → fui la última en llegar/la última persona que lo vió vivo
I'm down to my last pound → sólo me queda una libra
the last rites (Rel) → la extremaunción
second to last → antepenúltimo
last thing at night → antes de acostarse
I'll finish it if it's the last thing I do → ¡lo terminaré aunque sea la última cosa que haga en esta vida!
that was the last time I saw him → esa fue la última vez que lo vi
for the last time, shut up! → ¡cállate, y que sea la última vez que te lo digo!
to be on it's/one's last legs → estar en las últimas
see also every 1
see also gasp A
see also laugh A1
see also post A2
see also supper, resort A1
see also straw A1
see also word A1
you're the last person I'd trust with it → lo confiaría a cualquiera menos a ti, eres la última persona a la que se lo confiaría
I would be the last person to stand in your way → yo soy la que menos me interprondía en tu camino, yo soy la última persona que se interpondría en tu camino
that was the last thing I expected → eso era lo que menos me esperaba
at 32, retirement is the last thing on his mind → con 32 años, jubilarse es lo último en que piensa
he was the last of the Tudors → fue el último de los Tudores
that was the last I saw of him → después de aquello no volví a verlo más
the last we heard of him he was in Rio → según las últimas noticias estaba en Río
if we don't go we shall never hear the last of it → si no vamos no dejarán de recordárnoslo
you haven't heard the last of this! → ¡esto no se acaba aquí!, ¡esto no se va a quedar así!
to be the last (one) to do sth → ser el último en hacer algo
we're always the last to know → siempre somos los últimos en enterarnos
the last but one → el/la penúltimo/a
to leave sth till last → dejar algo para lo último or el final
to look one's last on sth (liter) → ver algo por última vez
to the last → hasta el final
see also breathe A1
the night before last → anteanoche
the week before last → la semana anterior a la pasada, la semana pasada no, la anterior
the Saturday before last → el sábado anterior al pasado, el sábado pasado no, el anterior
it was the question before last that I found difficult → la pregunta que me resultó difícil fue la penúltima
he was the last of his kind, a true professional → fue el último de los de su clase, un verdadero profesional
last of all, take out the screws → por último, saca los tornillos
last but not least → por último, pero no por ello menos importante
to arrive last → llegar el or (LAm) al último
last in, first out → los últimos en llegar son a los que despiden los primeros
it lasts (for) two hours → dura dos horas
the trial is expected to last (for) three weeks → se espera que el juicio dure tres semanas
the symptoms can last (for) up to a week → los síntomas pueden persistir hasta una semana
nothing lasts forever → nada dura para siempre
it's too good to last, it can't last → esto no puede durar
the previous boss only lasted a week → el jefe anterior solamente duró una semana
he wouldn't have lasted ten minutes in those conditions → no hubiera durado or aguantado ni diez minutos en esas condiciones
he won't last the night (out) → no sobrevivirá hasta la mañana
how long will the gas last? → ¿hasta cuándo durará or alcanzará el gas?
the town has enough water to last a fortnight → la ciudad tiene agua suficiente para dos semanas
"only available while stocks last" (Comm) → "sólo hasta que se agoten las existencias"
this amount should last you (for) a week → esta cantidad debería durarte una semana
it will last you a lifetime → te durará toda la vida
I've had enough publicity to last me a lifetime! → ¡me han dado publicidad suficiente para toda una vida!
my money doesn't last out the month → el dinero no me alcanza para todo el mes
I can't last out without something to eat → ya no aguanto a no ser que coma algo
he won't last out the winter → no sobrevivirá el invierno
last3 [lɑːst] N (in shoemaking) → horma f
(shoemaker) stick to your last! → ¡zapatero a tus zapatos!
Much had changed since my last visit → Beaucoup de choses avaient changé depuis ma dernière visite.
He missed the last bus home → Il a raté le dernier bus pour rentrer.
That was my last pair of tights → C'était mes derniers collants.
the last three pages of the chapter → les trois dernières pages du chapitre
the last piece of pizza → le dernier morceau de pizza
She wiped off the last traces of make-up → Elle essuya les dernières traces de maquillage.
the last time → la dernière fois
the last time I saw her → la dernière fois que je l'ai vue
That's the last time I take your advice! → C'est la dernière fois que je suis tes conseils!
the last but one adj → l'avant-dernier/ière before n
the last president but one → l'avant-dernier président
last summer → l'été dernier
last week → la semaine dernière
last Friday → vendredi dernier
last Monday → lundi dernier
I got married last July → Je me suis marié en juillet dernier.
last night (= yesterday evening) → hier soir (= whole period from evening until early morning) → la nuit dernière
I got home at midnight last night → Je suis rentré à minuit hier soir.
Did you go out last night? → Tu es sorti hier soir?
I couldn't sleep last night → Je n'ai pas pu dormir la nuit dernière.
to leave sb/sth until last → garder qn/qch pour la fin
I have left my best wine until last → J'ai gardé mon meilleur vin pour la fin.
every last (= every possible) → jusqu'au dernier(jusqu'à la dernière)
I wish my children to get every last second of pleasure from the outing → Je souhaite que mes enfants tirent jusqu'à la dernière seconde de plaisir de cette excursion.
to the last man → jusqu'au dernier
They died to the last man → Ils sont morts jusqu'au dernier.
down to the last detail → jusqu'au moindre détail
I'm so glad that we've found you at last! → Je suis si content que nous vous ayons enfin trouvé!
at long last
Here, at long last, was the moment he had waited for → Le moment qu'il avait tant attendu était enfin arrivé.
Which address is the last on your list? → Quelle adresse est la dernière sur ta liste? (= the last ones) → les derniers (= last bit) → le reste
the last but one → l'avant-dernier(l'avant-dernière)
Our house is the last but one → Notre maison est l'avant-dernière.
last in, first out → dernier entré, premier sorti
to be the last to do sth [last person] → être le dernier à faire qch(la dernière)
I'm always the last to find out → Je suis toujours le dernier à savoir. (= last people) → être les derniers à faire qch(les dernières)
She and I are always the last to know → Nous sommes toujours les derniers à savoir, elle et moi.
That was the last we saw of her → On ne l'a plus jamais revue.
the last I heard → aux dernières nouvelles
the night before last → l'avant-veille pendant la nuit, il y a deux nuits
It was the dog he'd heard the night before last → C'était le chien qu'il avait entendu l'avant-veille pendant la nuit., C'était le chien qu'il avait entendu il y a deux nuits.
the Christmas before last → l'avant-dernier Noël
He arrived last → Il est arrivé en dernier.
He added the milk last → Il ajouta le lait en dernier.
to finish last but one [team, competitor] → terminer avant-dernier(avant-dernière)
Last but not least do try to get some exercise → C'est le dernier point mais non le moindre: tâchez de faire de l'exercice., Et last but not least, tâchez de faire de l'exercice.
I've lost my bag. - When did you see it last? → J'ai perdu mon sac. - Quand est-ce que tu l'as vu pour la dernière fois?
They last saw their homeland nine years ago → La dernière fois qu'ils ont vu leur pays natal, c'était il y a neuf ans.
When were you there last? → La dernière fois que vous y étiez, c'était quand?
When did you last see him? → La dernière fois que vous l'avez vu, c'était quand?
when I last ... → la dernière fois que j'ai ...
When I last saw him, he was wearing a blue shirt → La dernière fois que je l'ai vu, il portait une chemise bleue.
to last until → durer jusqu'à
The war lasted until January 1992 → La guerre dura jusqu'en janvier 1992.
The affair lasted until he met a girl his own age → Leur liaison dura jusqu'au moment où il rencontra une fille de son âge.
it can't last → ça ne durera pas
Make the most of the situation; it can't last! → Profitez au mieux de la situation; ça ne durera pas!
it won't last → ça ne durera pas
The concert lasts two hours → Le concert dure deux heures.
His speech lasted exactly fourteen minutes → Son discours a duré exactement quatorze minutes.
Their marriage only lasted six months → Leur mariage n'a duré que six mois.
This battery lasts twice as long as other makes → Cette pile dure deux fois plus longtemps que les modèles d'autres marques.
The curry lasted for two nights
BUT Le curry nous a fait deux dîners.last-ditch [ˌlɑːstˈdɪtʃ] adj [effort] → ultime
a last-ditch attempt → une tentative de la dernière chance, un dernier recours
last Monday → lunedì scorso
last night → ieri sera or notte, la notte scorsa
during (the) last week → nel corso della settimana scorsa
during the last 2 years → negli ultimi 2 anni
the night before last → l'altro ieri sera or notte
(the) last time → l'ultima volta
the last page → l'ultima pagina
the last slice of cake → l'ultima fetta di torta
last thing at night → prima di andare a letto
that was the last thing I expected → era l'ultima cosa che mi sarei aspettato
you're the last person I'd trust with it → sei l'ultima persona al mondo di cui mi fiderei per questo
last but one, second last → penultimo/a
they were the last to arrive → erano gli ultimi arrivati, sono arrivati per ultimi
the last in the series → l'ultimo della serie
each one better than the last → uno meglio dell'altro
I shall be glad to see the last of this → sarò contento di vederne la fine
we'll never hear the last of it → chissà per quanto ne sentiremo parlare
at (long) last → finalmente
to the last → fino all'ultimo
to do/come/arrive last (of all) → fare come/venire per/arrivare ultimo/a
last but not least ... → come ultimo, ma non per questo meno importante...
when I last saw them or saw them last → l'ultima volta che li ho visti
it lasts (for) 2 hours → dura 2 ore
this material will last (for) years → questa stoffa durerà degli anni
he didn't last long in the job → non ha resistito a lungo in quell'impiego
it's too good to last, it can't last → è troppo bello per durare
last→ آخِر, سَابِقٌ, لِآخِرِ مَرَّةٍ, يَسْتَمِرُ naposled, poslední, trvat holde, sidst, sidste dauern, letzte, letzter, zuletzt διαρκώ, τελευταίος, τελικά durar, última vez, último kestää, viimeinen, viimeiseksi dernier, dernièrement, durer posljednji, posljednji put, trajati, zadnji durare, per ultimo, ultimo 最後に, 最後の, 続く 가장 최근에, 마지막의, 지속되다 als laatste, duren, laatst, laatste sist, siste, vare ostatni, ostatnio, wytrwać a última vez, da última vez, durar, último длиться, заключительный, последний, предыдущий sist, sista, vara ยืนหยัด, ล่าสุด, สุดท้าย son, sonda, sürmek cuối cùng, kéo dài, lần cuối cùng, sau cùng 持续, 最后, 最后的
- When is the last bus to ...?
- What time is the last bus?
- When is the last train to ...?
- When is the last boat?
- When is the last sailing to ...?
- When does the last chairlift go? (US)
When does the last chair-lift go? (UK)
- When is the last ascent?
- I'm delighted to meet you at last
- Last Saturday
- Last night
- Last week
- Last year
- The week before last