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An ancient country of southern Mesopotamia in present-day southern Iraq. Archaeological evidence dates the beginnings of Sumer to the fifth millennium bc. By 3000 a flourishing civilization existed, which gradually exerted power over the surrounding area and culminated in the Akkadian dynasty, founded c. 2300 by Sargon I. Sumer declined after 2000 and was later absorbed by Babylonia and Assyria. The Sumerians are believed to have invented the cuneiform system of writing.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Placename) the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
2. (Historical Terms) the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsu mər)

an ancient region in S Mesopotamia containing a number of independent cities and city-states, fl. c3200–2000 b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day IraqSumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
Ur - an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
Enki - water god and god of wisdom; counterpart of the Akkadian Ea
Enlil, En-lil - god of the air and king of the Sumerian gods
Ereshkigal, Eresh-kigal, Ereshkigel - goddess of death and consort of Nergal
Inanna - consort of Dumuzi (Tammuz)
Ki - goddess personifying earth; counterpart of Akkadian Aruru
Nammu - goddess personifying the primeval sea; mother of the gods and of heaven and earth
Namtar, Namtaru - a demon personifying death; messenger of the underworld goddess Ereshkigal bringing death to mankind
Nanna - god of the Moon; counterpart of the Akkadian Sin
Ninhursag, Ninkharsag, Ninkhursag - the great mother goddess; worshipped also as Aruru and Mama and Nintu
Ninib, Ninurta - a solar deity; firstborn of Bel and consort was Gula; god of war and the chase and agriculture; sometimes identified with biblical Nimrod
Utu, Utug - sun god; counterpart of Akkadian Shamash
Zu, Zubird - evil storm god represented as a black bird
Enkidu - legendary friend of Gilgamish
Gilgamish - legendary Sumerian king and hero of Sumerian and Babylonian epics
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(493.) Press Release, Senator Chuck Shumer, Senator Chuck Schumer Announces Support for Decriminalizing Marijuana at Federal Level, Plans to Introduce New Legislation in U.S.
A double-blind placebo-control study was conducted by Shumer and O'Keefe in 1983, in which 151 warts were treated with intralesional bleomycin whereas 55 warts were treated with intralesional saline.
Apparently, they are rudiments of earlier guessing system, which sources can be found in clay tablets of ancient shumer (Labat, 1948).
Robins Law Offices; Berger, Fischoff & Shumer and Schlissel Ostrow Karabatos.<br />Small and solo firms include George Frooks, Wendy Hamberger, Law Office of John Zenir, Evelyn Kalenscher, Michael Aronowsky, Hon.
The authors of the study and the accompanying commentary by Daniel Shumer, MD, MPH, suggest that there are things we as health care providers can do to address these barriers.
Julie Shumer has been appointed senior vice president atThe Signature B&B Companies.
M2 EQUITYBITES-May 2, 2017-The Signature B&B Companies appoints Julie Shumer as SVP
Other comedy luminaries paying tribute to Shandling included Steve Martin, Ricky Gervais, Amy Shumer, Jimmy Kimmel and John Cleese.
Shumer's Illogical Case against the Iran Deal," Washington Post, 13 August 2015, -sen-schumer-dont-vote-against-the-iran-nuclear-deal/2015/08/13/7b806630-41f4-11e5 -846d-02792f854297_story.html.
Olympic athlete Hannah England visits pupils at Percy Shumer School to promote Sport Relief