For those who aren't familiar with them, Sibylline books
were a collection of oracular utterances, set out in Greek hexameters.
Referring to the sovereign debt crisis in Europe, Poland's Minister of Finance, Jacek Rostowski, said that the negotiations reminded him of the story of the purchase of the Sibylline Books
in ancient Rome.
(20) A denarius minted at Rome in 16 depicts on its reverse Apollo as a lyre player standing on a platform decorated with three foruli (cases for preserving the Sibylline books
) between two anchors, and bearing the inscription Apollini Actio.
Ancient Greeks settled boundary disputes by referring to the text of Homer, and the Romans, when they could not consult the Sibylline Books
, had recourse to the sortes Vergilianae, a method of divination that consisted of picking random passages out of the Aeneid.
Mary Beard, John North, and Simon Price state that "many innovations were inspired by the Sibylline Books
, the collections of oracles, kept and consulted by the duoviri sacris faciundis, which served both to initiate change and to provide [legitimacy] for what might otherwise have been seen as deviations from the ancestral tradition" (62).
She quoted from Roman Law, the Sibylline books
and her favourite writer, Plato.
After witnessing a frightening meteor shower, the Roman magistrates consulted the Sibylline books
, which prophesied that Hannibal could be defeated if the Idaean Mother was brought to Rome.
First, there is the Carmen's strict adherence to the matter of the saeculum as opposed to that of the golden age -- the reference to the Sibylline books
at verse 5, for example, exhibits none of the play in the Eclogue's Cumaeum carmen (4) on Cumae, the home of the Sibyl, and Kyme, the birthplace of Hesiod: the Carmen Saeculare is to be precisely that -- a Saecular song.
Beginning his career with a minor magistracy, in 88 he gained a praetorship (a post with legal jurisdiction) and became a member of the priestly college that kept the Sibylline Books
of prophecy and supervised foreign-cult practice.
The Fates are three, the Furies three, the Graces three, the harpies three, the Sibylline Books
three times three (of which only three survived); the fountain from which Hylas drew water was presided over by three nymphs; the Muses were three times three; the Pythia sat on a three - legged stool, or tripod; and in Scandinavian mythology we hear of the Mysterious Three: Har the Mighty, the Like - Mighty, and the Third Person, who sat on three thrones above the rainbow.
The legend of the Sibylline Books
has been attributed to both Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of Rome (616 - 579 bc ), and the builder of the Circus Maximus, and to Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and last Roman king (534 - 510 bc ), tyrannical despot who was expelled from the city.
A Greek collection in eight books of poetical utterances relating to Jesus, compiled in the 2nd century, is entitled Oracula Sibylina or the Sibylline Books