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Si·er·ra Le·one(sē-ĕr′ə lē-ōn′, -ō′nē)
A country of western Africa on the Atlantic coast. Inhabited by the Temne when the Portuguese first visited the coast in 1460, the region was later settled by Mande-speaking peoples from present-day Liberia. In 1792 freed slaves were brought from Nova Scotia to found the colony of Freetown, which was transferred to British administration in 1808. The region became a British protectorate in 1896 and achieved independence in 1961. Sierra Leone became a republic in 1971. Freetown is the capital and the largest city.
Si·er′ra Le·o′ne·an adj. & n.
Sierra Leone(sɪˈɛərə lɪˈəʊnɪ; lɪˈəʊn)
(Placename) a republic in W Africa, on the Atlantic: became a British colony in 1808 and gained independence (within the Commonwealth) in 1961; declared a republic in 1971; became a one-party state in 1978; multiparty democracy restored in 1991 but military rule was imposed following a coup in 1992 which led to a civil war that lasted until 2002 in which two million people were displaced; consists of coastal swamps rising to a plateau in the east. Official language: English. Religion: Muslim majority and animist. Currency: leone. Capital: Freetown. Pop: 5 612 685 (2013 est). Area: 71 740 sq km (27 699 sq miles)
Si•er•ra Le•o•ne(siˈɛr ə liˈoʊ ni, liˈoʊn)
a republic in W Africa: member of the Commonwealth; former British colony and protectorate. 5,296,651; 27,925 sq. mi. (72,325 sq. km). Cap.: Freetown.
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|Noun||1.||Sierra Leone - a republic in West Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1961|
Revolutionary United Front, RUF - a terrorist group formed in the 1980s in Sierra Leone; seeks to overthrow the government and gain control of the diamond producing regions; responsible for attacks on civilians and children, widespread torture and murder and using children to commit atrocities; sponsored by the president of Liberia
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Sierra Leonean - a native or inhabitant of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone[siˌɛərəlɪˈəʊn siˌɛərəlɪˈəʊni] n → Sierra Leone m or f
n → Sierra Leone f