Sigillaria


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Related to Sigillaria: Lepidodendron, Cordaites

Sig`il`la´ri`a


n. pl.1.(Rom. Antic.) Little images or figures of earthenware exposed for sale, or given as presents, on the last two days of the Saturnalia; hence, the last two, or the sixth and seventh, days of the Saturnalia.
n.1.(Paleon.) A genus of fossil trees principally found in the coal formation; - so named from the seallike leaf scars in vertical rows on the surface.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
But for the past few months, Albanese has been studying paleobotany for a diorama called "The Hottest Day on Earth." The garden includes vanished genera such as Tempskya (a trunkless tree fern of the Cretaceous period) and Sigillaria (a spore-bearing tree of the Late Carboniferous period).
Likewise, "Several specialized mechanisms for accommodating girth increase evolved: tangential interarea expansion in Sigillaria and Synchysidendron, interarea fissuring in Diaphorodendron, and subcushion cellular expansion in Lepidodendron" (Bateman et al., 1992, p.
Clement seemed to prefer collecting tree trunk and woody material of Lepidodendron, Sigillaria, Stigmaria, and Calamites, over leafy material as only three specimens of leaves (Pecopteris and Neuropteris) occur in the collection.
monyi Zeiller, Pecopteris oreopteridia (Schlotheim) Brongniart, Pecopteris permica Nemejc, Pecopteris potoniei Nemejc, Pecopteris pseudoreopteridia Potonie, Pecopteris puertollanensis Wagner, Pecopteris spp., Sphenozamites rochei Renault, Sphenophyllum oblongifolium (Germar and Kaulfuss) Unger, Sphenophyllum sp., Parasphenophyllum sp., Lobatannularia sp., Annularia carinata Gutbier, Annularia pseudostellata Potonie, Annularia sphenophylloides (Zenker) Gutbier, Annularia spicata Gutbier, Annularia spinulosa Sternberg, Calamostachys tuberculata (Sternberg) Jongmans, Asterophyllites sp., Macrostachya carinata Germar, Calamites multiramis Weiss, Calamites sp., Cordaites sp., Sigillaria brardii Brongniart, Lepidostrobus sp., Syringodendron sp., Omphalophloios?
The Sigillaria were trees related to the Lepidodendrids and had bark that was regularly marked (hence the name) and an enormous tuft of pointed leaves.
454) noted their resemblance to "the root of an aquatic" plant, their connection to Sigillaria was not recognized.
An upright standing Sigillaria stem from the Westphalian of Poland clearly shows imprints of a larger winding axis (Gradzinski & Doktor, 1995).