silphium


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Related to silphium: Silphium laciniatum

sil·phi·um

 (sĭl′fē-əm)
n.
1. An extinct North African plant, often classified in the genus Ferula, that produced a resin that was a popular seasoning in ancient Greece and Rome. It became extinct in antiquity, probably from overharvesting and overgrazing.
2. A plant of the genus Silphium, such as the compass plant.

[Latin, from Greek silphion, perhaps of North African origin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

silphium

(ˈsɪlfɪəm)
n
(Plants) an American flowering wild plant of the family Asteraceae
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.silphium - tall North American perennial herbsSilphium - tall North American perennial herbs
asterid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous herbs and some trees and shrubs
aster family, Asteraceae, Compositae, family Asteraceae, family Compositae - plants with heads composed of many florets: aster; daisy; dandelion; goldenrod; marigold; lettuces; ragweed; sunflower; thistle; zinnia
rosinweed, Silphium laciniatum - North American perennial having a resinous odor and yellow flowers
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(46) "Condimentado" traduz silphiota, temo se significa literalmente "preparado com silphium", planta do genero Ferula, possivelmente extinta, que era usada como condimento na Antiguidade.
Bees were flocking to the daisy heads of red and orange heleniums, and pink echinaceas, some even reaching dizzying heights of the Silphium, a very tall yellow daisy that hails from the North American prairies - perfect for the rear of a border.
Another gold-flowering perennial for the back of large borders, moist meadows or wildflower plantings, Silphium perfoliatum is in its summer glory.
Bees were flocking to the daisy heads of red and orange heleniums, and pink echinaceas, some even reaching the dizzying heights of the Silphium, a very tall yellow daisy that hails from the North American prairies - perfect for the rear of a border.
(2004) also found plant community composition within a tallgrass prairie decreased from 39 species to 34 species with deer herbivory (6.0 deer/ha) with decreases of preferred species (Helianthus mollis, Veronicanstrum virginicum, and Rudbeckia subtomentosa) and increases in less preferred species (Solidago canadensis and Silphium intergerifolium).
It produced barley, wheat, olive oil, wine, figs, apples, wool, sheep, cattle and silphium, a herb which grew only in Cyrenaica; it was a cure and aphrodisiac.
The former included Magnolia macrophylla, the latter included Bouteloua curtipendula, Potentilla arguia, Silphium integrifolium, Solidago riddellii, Solidago rigida, Symphyotrichum laeve, and Zizia aurea.
Project Silphium, which aims to increase female participation and visibility, last week launched the hashtag "I (too) am Libyan" in order to demand citizenship for women on an equal basis to their male counterparts.
by Andrew Goudie; Silphium Press; [pounds sterling]39.95 (hardback)
It's very tall, up to two metres, and has large paddle-like leaves, so if you like something dramatic, Silphium perfoliatum might be for you.