Simon Newcomb


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Noun1.Simon Newcomb - United States astronomer (1835-1909)Simon Newcomb - United States astronomer (1835-1909)
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Professor Simon Newcomb was expounding this to the New York Mathematical Society only a month or so ago.
All that scientists had achieved, from Galileo and Newton to Franklin and Simon Newcomb, helped Bell in a general way, by creat- ing a scientific atmosphere and habit of thought.
He was joined there by another late arrival, Simon Newcomb. Sheltering their equipment in the lee of a semicircular sand dune, they prepared to wait out the partial phases of the eclipse in eager anticipation of the scant minutes of totality, when they would scour the solar vicinity for Vulcan.
Simon Newcomb (1835-1909) was primarily a theoretical astronomer.
In 1881, Bell, his asssistant Sumner Tainter, and mathematician Simon Newcomb claimed to have developed a device that could locate bullets lodged in a person's body.
Even the equation of exchange, drawn from Simon Newcomb (to whom Fisher dedicated The Purchasing Power of Money), was transformed in Fisher's hands, with different velocities of circulation for currency and bank deposits and with elaborate statistical efforts (drawing on work by David Kinley) to measure those velocities independently of the equation of exchange.
An interesting item here is citation of Simon Newcomb's 1868 statement about why the concentrated rewards to a interest group outweigh the scattered losses of the victims of rent seeking.
What came to be called Benford's law was discovered in 1881 by the American astronomer Simon Newcomb, who observed that the pages of printed logarithmic tables starting with the number 1 were much more worn than later pages.
This phenomenon was discovered empirically by the astronomer and mathematician Simon Newcomb (1881), when he randomly observed that the first pages of the logarithmic tables, in the libraries, were more used, because they handled more, (dirtier than the others).
His highly competent and very readable explanation of the observatory's scientific accomplishments ranges across the administrative and bureaucratic elements in its history and provides strikingly humanistic portraits of some of the key and colorful scientific figures that were involved, such as Maury Simon Newcomb, and Asaph Hall.