monosaccharide

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Related to Simple sugars: complex sugars

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

 (mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′, -rĭd)
n.
Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.

monosaccharide

(ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) a simple sugar, such as glucose or fructose, that does not hydrolyse to yield other sugars

mon•o•sac•cha•ride

(ˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd)

n.
a carbohydrate that does not hydrolyze, as glucose or fructose.
[1895–1900]

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

(mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′)
Any of a class of simple carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Fructose is a monosaccharide.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.monosaccharide - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
triose - any monosaccharide sugar containing three atoms of carbon per molecule
tetrose - any monosaccharide sugar containing four atoms of carbon per molecule
pentose - any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule
hexose - a monosaccharide that contains six carbon atoms per molecule
aldose - a monosaccharide sugar that contains the aldehyde group or is hemiacetal
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ketose - any monosaccharide sugar that contains a ketone group or its hemiacetal
Translations
monosakkaridi
monosaccharide
monosackarid

monosaccharide

[ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd] nmonosaccaride m

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

n. monosacárido, azúcar simple.
References in periodicals archive ?
Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose, and galactose.
Studies suggest that diets high in simple sugars, specifically fructose, increase the rate at which sugar is converted to fat and liver fat.
Cereals and pulses are complex carbohydrates that have to be broken down to simple sugars before they are absorbed from gut.
Sugar goes into bloodstream after digestive tract; it is broken down into two simple sugars such as glucose and fructose.
Blood sugar regulation: Even though honey contains simple sugars, it is NOT the same as white sugar or artificial sweeteners.
Common types of simple sugars are glucose, fructose and galactose, which are present in foods such as fruit juice, milk, yoghurt, molasses and honey.
The more complex and unrefined the carbohydrate, the longer it takes to digest, meaning blood sugar levels won't rise as quickly-but all carbohydrates are eventually broken down through digestion to simple sugars.
The fruit contains simple sugars for while spinach is packed full of and iron.
And Lani Lazzari, president, CEO and founder of Simple Sugars, a line of facial and body scrubs, is--in her gracious and respectful way--unflinching.
White pizza bases and pastas are refined carbohydrates, containing simple sugars that dissolve quickly and cause a spike in mouth acid.
This can be achieved by cutting out simple sugars (sodas, desserts, cakes, ice-cream), refined carbohydrates (pasta, rice, bread-), fries, and trans fats and switching to low-sugar vegetables, legumes, some whole grain, fish, chicken, eggs, very little red meat (free-range and grass grazing cattle), sufficient amounts of healthy fats like olive, coconut, avocado, and nut oils, nuts (almonds, walnuts, cashew, pistachio-), whole seeds (flaxseeds, chia, sesame, sunflower, and pumpkin seeds), and lots of herbal infusion (olive leaf-) and spices (cinnamon, ginger-).