monosaccharide

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Related to Simple sugars: complex sugars

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

 (mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′, -rĭd)
n.
Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.

monosaccharide

(ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) a simple sugar, such as glucose or fructose, that does not hydrolyse to yield other sugars

mon•o•sac•cha•ride

(ˌmɒn əˈsæk əˌraɪd, -ər ɪd)

n.
a carbohydrate that does not hydrolyze, as glucose or fructose.
[1895–1900]

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

(mŏn′ə-săk′ə-rīd′)
Any of a class of simple carbohydrates that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Fructose is a monosaccharide.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.monosaccharide - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
triose - any monosaccharide sugar containing three atoms of carbon per molecule
tetrose - any monosaccharide sugar containing four atoms of carbon per molecule
pentose - any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule
hexose - a monosaccharide that contains six carbon atoms per molecule
aldose - a monosaccharide sugar that contains the aldehyde group or is hemiacetal
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ketose - any monosaccharide sugar that contains a ketone group or its hemiacetal
Translations
monosakkaridi
monosaccharide
monosackarid

monosaccharide

[ˌmɒnəʊˈsækəˌraɪd] nmonosaccaride m

mon·o·sac·cha·ride

n. monosacárido, azúcar simple.
References in periodicals archive ?
We've learned from other scientific endeavors that ionizing radiation can induce the formation of furan in solutions of simple sugars and ascorbic acid.
If you can remove those antigens, which are just simple sugars, then you can convert A or B to O blood," Dr.
Using synthetic biology it is now possible to engineer organisms such as yeast so that they are able to convert simple sugars to high-value chemicals.
The key message is that the simple sugars contained in fruit juices are mostly fructose which is naturally occurring in the intact structure of the respective raw fruits or vegetables, thereby making them very healthy and nutritional.
Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose, and galactose.
Studies suggest that diets high in simple sugars, specifically fructose, increase the rate at which sugar is converted to fat and liver fat.
Cereals and pulses are complex carbohydrates that have to be broken down to simple sugars before they are absorbed from gut.
Sugar goes into bloodstream after digestive tract; it is broken down into two simple sugars such as glucose and fructose.
Blood sugar regulation: Even though honey contains simple sugars, it is NOT the same as white sugar or artificial sweeteners.
Common types of simple sugars are glucose, fructose and galactose, which are present in foods such as fruit juice, milk, yoghurt, molasses and honey.
The more complex and unrefined the carbohydrate, the longer it takes to digest, meaning blood sugar levels won't rise as quickly-but all carbohydrates are eventually broken down through digestion to simple sugars. "Complex, unrefined carbohydrates like whole-wheat bread or brown rice take longer to break down," Freirich explains, "but when a complex carb like brown rice is refined to white rice, it digests faster."