"Singlish" or Singaporean English
has its roots in colonial rule and has since become independent from British English, integrating grammar and vocabulary from languages that reflect Singapore's immigrant history - including Malay, Cantonese, Mandarin, and Tamil among others.
Surely, there would have been no requirement for such ripostes if speaking Singaporean English
(Singlish) and being Asian were not elements of belonging to Singapore.
Likewise, it would have been interesting to mention contact-induced phenomena across Kachru's three circle-model ( 1992)--as in Colloquial Singaporean English
(CSE) and Multicultural London English (MLE).
In a revision of his 2015 doctoral dissertation at the University of Regensburg, Brunner presents a linguistic investigation of the structure of noun phrases in Singaporean English
, Kenyan English, and for comparative purposes, British English.
can be a source of "cultural cringe" for Singaporeans, due to the troubled nature of its authenticity.
Philippine English and Singaporean English
. Ten universities in the Expanding Circle that participated in the study, namely Assumption University, Chiang Mai University, Khon Khaen University, King Mongkut University of Technology North Bangkok, Mahapanya Vidayalai University, Mahidol University, Prince of Songkla University Hat Yai Campus, Rajamangala University Srivijaya Songkhla Campus, and Rajamangala University Srivijaya Trang Campus in Thailand, and University of Riau in Indonesia.
The comments made on Hindi are like a Singaporean who speaks Singlish (Singaporean English
) saying that Singlish spoken in Singapore is the real English and not what is spoken in the UK.
Three synchronic corpora show differences in British, Jamaican, and Singaporean English
. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
In describing Singaporean English as a close relation to Malaysian English, Leimgruber (2013:120-1) posits that due to the shared history pertaining to the birth of Malaysia and Singapore, the ethnic composition of Singapore and, hence, the core linguistic knowledge of its people is similar to that of Peninsular Malaysia, its closest neighbour, albeit in different proportions.
Malaysian and Singaporean English Discourse Particles: Some Empirical Studies
It might be worth noticing that Singaporean English
vocabulary is embraced here.