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Clara Barton
photographed in 1904


 (bär′tn), Clarissa Harlowe Known as "Clara." 1821-1912.
American administrator who did battlefield relief work during the Civil War and organized the American Red Cross (1881).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Agriculture) archaic a farmyard
[Old English beretūn, from bere barley + tūn stockade; see town]


1. (Biography) Sir Derek (Harold Richard). 1918–98, British organic chemist: shared the Nobel prize for chemistry (1969) for his work on conformational analysis
2. (Biography) Sir Edmund. 1849–1920, Australian statesman; first prime minister of Australia (1901–03)
3. (Biography) Elizabeth, known as the Maid of Kent. ?1506–34, English nun, who claimed the gift of prophecy. Her criticism of Henry VIII's attempt to annul his first marriage led to her execution
4. (Biography) John (Bernard Adie). born 1928, British theatre director, noted esp for his productions of Shakespeare
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈbɑr tn)

1. Clara, 1821–1912, U.S. philanthropist who organized the American Red Cross in 1881.
2. Derek H(arold) R(ichard), 1918–98, British chemist: Nobel prize 1969.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From left: Sir Edmund Barton; Sir Samuel Griffith; Richard O'Connor
IEUAO Sir Edmund Barton First Australian Prime Minister, 1901-03.