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The ancient Greek philosopher Galen postulated that personality traits were driven by the relative concentrations of four bodily fluids or "humours." In 1874, Sir Francis Galton published "English Men of Science: Their Nature and Nurture," in which he advanced his ideas about the dominance of hereditary factors in intelligence and character at the beginning of the eugenics movement.
In the late 1800s, Sir Francis Galton became known as the scientist who devised a classification system for identifying common patterns in fingerprints.
The concept of people who cannot visualise was first identified by the polymath Sir Francis Galton in 1880.
Sir Francis Galton in 1892, published a book called "Fingerprints," in which he outlined a fingerprint classification system.
The Victorian polymath and trailblazer in the study of psychology (long before Freud) and heredity Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) included a study of the achievements of the Clasper family in his groundbreaking book Hereditary Genius, published in 1869.
Visitors can see Sir Francis Galton's 1892 guide to fingerprinting and the first genetic fingerprint "barcode" from 1984.
(5) Gillham, Nicholas Wright, A Life of Sir Francis Galton: From African Exploration to the Birth of Eugenics, (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)
Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) offers data gathered from the investigations he conducted.