Staddon's criticism of the Skinnerian
approach is not new (Staddon 1973), and has been extensively addressed by others previously (Baum 2004; Zuriff 2001).
During the 1960s and early 1970s, when Skinnerian
behaviorism had reached its apogee, many behavior therapists in clinical practice employed operant principles in their work with the range of clinical disorders.
The Jacobson book contained chapters by Hayes (1987) and Kohlenberg & Tsai (1987) that described in detail their approaches to using Skinnerian
principles to treat outpatient adults.
Humanistic behavioral geographers had a different agenda while, confusingly, analytic behavioral geographers claimed they were "particularly sensitive to the excesses of the 'operant-conditioning' school of Skinnerian
behaviorism" and noted the "more moderate 'stimulus-response' approaches of Watson, Hull, etc" (Couclelis & Golledge, 1983, p.
the natural sciences was a common Skinnerian
theme (Skinner, 1953), and
* let go of a commitment to Skinnerian
thinking when new behaviorally-sensible analyses or data suggest that it is time to do so, thus allowing behavior analysis to enter the post-Skinnerian era; and
So loosely that in fact it is not defined at all, usually being regarded as a methodology like Skinnerian
intellectual history, an approach like the currently fashionable global history, critical theories as appropriated to historiography like postcolonial theory and postcolonial history, a long-term historical interpretation (like "theories" of modernization or secularization), or any mixture of these and other internal or internalized theories.
For someone working within the paradigm of Skinnerian
psychology, discovering some cognitive difference in a person is a reason to seek some corresponding conditioning mechanism in their environment and thus to design particular sorts of experiments crafted to discern such a mechanism.
hard-wired, incapable of novel variations of behaviour); "Skinnerian
" (for Behaviourist B.F.: capable of behaviours modified by reinforcement); "Popperian" (for philosopher Karl: capable of storing and acting upon information from the world but without understanding); "Gregorian" (for psychologist Richard Gregory: equipped with "thinking tools" and higher-order mental searches).
Furthermore, perhaps one of the major criticisms of Mackintosh's paper is his complete disregard for any theoretical perspective which has evolved from the Skinnerian
The book tells readers how to rewire existing behavior using a Skinnerian
three-step process of cue, routine, and reward that he calls "the habit loop."