fifth disease

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fifth disease

n.
A usually mild disease, primarily of children, that is caused by a parvovirus and is characterized by fever, a prominent, often bright red rash on the cheeks that may spread to the trunk and limbs, and swollen, painful joints. Also called erythema infectiosum.

[From its being fifth in frequency of rash-producing childhood diseases.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

fifth disease

n
(Pathology) a mild infectious disease of childhood, caused by a virus, characterized by fever and a red rash spreading from the cheeks to the limbs and trunk. Also called: slapped-cheek disease Technical name: erythema infectiosum
[C20: from its being among the five most common childhood infections]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
She said: "Even at the doctor's the nurse first thought it could be either hand, foot and mouth or slap cheek as they'd seen recent cases.
The illness was a condition known as slap cheek which can be highly contagious.