The researchers found that compared with non-first-trimester movers, those moving in the first trimester had an increased risk for low birth weight (6.4 versus 4.5 percent; adjusted risk ratio, 1.37; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.29 to 1.45) and preterm birth (9.1 versus 6.4 percent; adjusted risk ratio, 1.42; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.36 to 1.49); the risk for small for gestational age
was slightly increased with moving (9.8 versus 8.7 percent; adjusted risk ratio, 1.09; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.00 to 1.09).
(SGA = small for gestational age
; dark blue = INTERGROWTH-21st; light blue = Theron-Thompson; * p<0.05 between INTERGROWTH-21st and Theron-Thompson.)
The frequency of hypoglycaemia in full-term large and small for gestational age
National and regional estimates of term and preterm babies born small for gestational age
in 138 low-income and middle-income countries in 2010.
Management of the child born small for gestational age
through to adulthood: a consensus statement of the International Societies of Pediatric Endocrinology and the Growth Hormone Research Society J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007;92:804-810.
Lee, "Early diagnosis and treatment referral of children born small for gestational age
without catch-up growth are critical for optimal growth outcomes," International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, vol.
Specifically, the study team was interested in low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds) and being born small for gestational age
Keywords: Birth weight, Gender, Hypoglycemia, Mode of delivery, Newborn, Small for gestational age
Somatropin recombinant human growth hormone seemed most effective for patients with growth hormone deficiency, idiopathic short stature, and for those who were born small for gestational age
Decreased PAPP-A is associated with preeclampsia, premature delivery and small for gestational age
infants but not with placental abruption.
Due to the low number of small for gestational age
(term: n = 2; preterm: n = 9) and large for gestational age (term: n = 1; preterm: n = 4) newborns in both study groups, the low prevalence of multiple births, and the infrequent use of amidotrizoic acid-containing contrast agents as well as thyroxine replacement therapy in VPI, subgroup analyses were not undertaken.
Table 2 shows significant statistical differences between the two groups regarding neonatal outcomes including delivery of a premature infant, mean birth weight, small for gestational age
, and giving birth to low birth weight infants <2500 g (P <0.05%).