28) This language clearly separated Baptists from their Socinian
and Unitarian compatriots, but even that does not explain the whole story.
His 'liberty' from tradition, reading the Bible in his own way, led him to be a Socinian
a non-Trinitarian, a modalist, a Sabellian --as the authors relate.
Encountering this kind of specious reasoning in attempts by opponents to prove that he was a Socinian
, Locke ridiculed it in his Second Vindication of the Reasonableness of Christianity (1697).
He continues with a dig at the Socinian
position, in terms that might as readily be applied to Milton scholars who wish to distance Milton from a belief which many of us find unethical, but to which Milton was committed: "It]hose who maintain that Christ sought death not in our place and for the sake of redemption, but only for our good and to set an example, try in vain to evade the evidence of these texts" (444, my emphasis).
Stephen and his secularist successors have held that only in the voices of heterodoxy--Latitudinarian, Unitarian, Socinian
, and freethinking--do we see the hallmark virtues of modern society: innovation, toleration, liberty, and enlightenment.
Although a constant presence in the early-modern age, Mortimer argues that Socinians
have not received the scholarly attention they deserve and that "Socinianism needs to be integrated into the broader political and religious landscape of the period, for only then can the real importance of Socinian
ideas be understood" (pp.
By 1802, even if the final conversion to Anglicanism is some years away, Coleridge writes to his brother that "the Socinian
& Arian Hypotheses are utterly untenable" (CL 2:807), and asserts to John Prior Estlin that Christianity under "the Priestleyan Hypothesis" is void insofar as it denies original sin, redemption, grace and justification (CL 2:821).
This book delivers: 1) a summary of the historical development of the doctrine of the Trinity from the Patristic era to the present; 2) current appropriations of the doctrine with respect to both metaphysical and social relationality; 3) responses to classical objections to the Trinity, such as the Arian, the Socinian
, and some feminists; 4) the bearing which the doctrine has on the Christian understanding of God and the nature of the church; and 5) the relation between the economic Trinity (God's life for us) and immanent Trinity (God's own life as such) and the role of the Trinity in divine agency.
Chapter 4, 'Faith', concerns Norris' uncompelling defense of orthodoxy during the Socinian
Controversy initiated by the publication of John Toland's Lockean Christianity Not Mysterious (1696).
Stoll does not say Milton is a Socinian
, but wishes to use his "proximity to Socinian
thought [which] is palpable" to show how they "share the label of monotheist" (190).
Coleridge's early suspicion of any tidy received interpretation of the crucifixion was in part a symptom of his fascination with the psilanthropic implications of Unitarian or Socinian
dogmatics, that is, that Jesus was a "mere man" and that God admitted "arbitrary caprice" into His plan of salvation through Christ: "how could a man be mediator between God and man?
As early as 1645 a majority of the House of Delegates was in favor of a resolution for a "full and free toleration of religion to all men," without "exception against Turk, Jew, I Papist, Arian, Socinian
, Familist, or any other, but the governor would not put the question to a vote, so it failed to become law.