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An island of Yemen in the Indian Ocean at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden. Known to the ancient Greeks, it came under British protection in 1886 and joined South Yemen (now Yemen) in 1967.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(səˈkəʊtrə) ,




(Placename) an island in the Indian Ocean, about 240 km (150 miles) off Cape Guardafui, Somalia: administratively part of Yemen. Capital: Hadiboh (Tamrida). Area: 3100 sq km (1200 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or So•ko•tra

(soʊˈkoʊ trə, ˈsɒk ə trə)

an island of the Republic of Yemen in the Indian Ocean, S of Arabia: 1382 sq. mi. (3579 sq. km).
So•co′tran, n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They also had the opportunity to buy Socotran honey, which is said to be the best in the world, and posters of the island.
Small plants have previously been built in Aden and recently in 2007 on the small Socotran island of Abdul Kuri.
"The Emirates Wildlife Society's signature conservation project, the Hawksbill turtle, was funded by us earlier this year, and last year we gave funds to two professors from UAE University for their two separate researches in Jebel Hafeet and the Socotran Cormorant," he told Khaleej Times.
For three years I studied and added English to my Arabic and native Socotran.
In the highlands, Socotran land crabs scuttle along rocks.
The peculiar Socotran massif calls for much more continued research not only in the structural respect.
Persistent monsoon winds mean many Socotran insects have evolved relatively small wings, to stop them being blown out to sea.
A huge local and international campaign was mobilised, and the Socotra Conservation Fund organised a delegation of Socotran residents to go to San'a', the capital of Yemen, to petition the government.
Quite a few such species are in the UAE like the Socotran cormorant, the Arabian tahr, the Arabian oryx, the Arabian leopard, dugongs and the Hawksbill turtle, as well as many other types of reptiles, fishes, amphibians and invertebrates.
Although Al-Shar'aby emphasizes the importance of awareness raising campaigns in the protection of sea turtles, he argues that Socotran islanders already appear to be more conscious on biodiversity protection than Yemenis in Hadramout or other coastal areas.
"The dugong, the dolphin, the Socotran Cormorant, the Osprey, the flamingo and the turtle are all life-size reproductions, made by some of the best professionals in the world, who also work on models for Hollywood," said Eduardo Goncalves, director of Environmental Awareness at the EAD.