(12) The Socratism
of this probing perplexity certainly drives much of the Metaphysics, as we see in the well-known epigraph taken from the outset of book 7; nevertheless, the specifics and basis of Aristotle's Socratism
in the Metaphysics remain unclear.
(19) "Know thyself' is the fundamental principle of Socratism
that was recorded as an inscription on the temple of Apollo at Delphi.
More central to Holub's position is an unpublished--and perhaps undelivered--draft of a lecture written before the Birth of Tragedy, which associates Socratism
with "the Jewish press." After receiving a copy, the Wagners encouraged Nietzsche to omit this reference.
This is a tradition ruled by the supreme law of aesthetic Socratism
: "'To be beautiful everything must be intelligible'" (Nietzsche 1967a, 84).
Though we shouldn't forget that this kind of play is exactly the thing that a certain Socratism
, that is a radical manner of understanding and practicing philosophy, of converting philosophical discourse into life practice, would solicit us to have the courage to carry out: risking your own 'self with every dialogue and exchange of ideas!
Boethius uses self-description "to scrutinize his assumptions, motives, and operating principles," and then also engages in what Gilson has called "Christian Socratism
" to reach toward knowledge of the principles of the created order.
One can think of the modern law classroom as Socratic, or partially Socratic, or a perversion of true Socratism
, but at the end of the day, it is best described as yet another manifestation of what Freire termed the "banking approach" to education.
On that basis, Augustine formulated Christian Socratism
, Etienne Gilson argues.
He claims that the first traces of this can be found in Sophocles, but that the true assassin of the spirit of tragedy was Euripedes, whose use of such vile devices as the prologue and the deus ex machina adhered too much to what Nietzsche refers to as "aesthetic Socratism
, whose supreme law reads roughly as follows, 'To be beautiful everything must be intelligible.'" (21)