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American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his influential article written in the late 1970s, Harold Crouch argued that Soeharto's New Order bore a strong resemblance to the patrimonial model.
Certainly, Indonesia's two most recent ex-presidents, Soeharto and Habibie, do not appear to be amused.
In one of the most unanticipated shifts since the collapse of the Soeharto government, top Indonesian officials announced in January that they may grant East Timor independence by the end of this year, after nearly a quarter century of iron-fisted military occupation.
The Soeharto "New Order" regime portrays itself as the savior of Indonesia's economy, having rescued the country from an incompetent, projectionist communist regime and transforming an agrarian nation into an "Asian Tiger".
This legacy of anti-Chinese policies was politically exploited in later times, culminating during the Soeharto period.
It takes a very long time to complete, up to 28 years, from the time of planning and design which started in the era of President Soeharto and finished in the era of President Joko Widodo.
He replaced President Soeharto and held office from May 21, 1998 to Oct 20, 1999.
The joyful discovery that Chinese-language writing has survived the Soeharto period colours much secondary work from sources in China, Hong Kong and Singapore (Dongrui 2003 and 2006; Hanchuan 1999).
A brief historical glimpse reveals different paths among these four states: Indonesia's nascent post-war democracy was derailed for decades under Soeharto's authoritarian regime; Thailand's tumultuous relationship with democracy has resulted in nineteen coups since 1932; the Republic of Korea equivocated between democracy and authoritarianism until the military was finally eliminated from politics in the late 1980s; and the state with the longest democratic history in Southeast Asia, the Philippines, was ruled by a dictatorship from 1972-86.
It is true, as Herriman says, that writers have been inclined to overestimate the oppressive capacity of the Indonesian state under Soeharto and that central state power was often negotiated and adapted in local circumstances.
The similarity with Indonesia's own people power that toppled Soeharto in 1998 makes it irresistible to draw parallels.