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Related to Sogdian: Sogdiana


1. A member of an ancient Iranian people whose homeland was in the area around Samarkand and who had established settlements throughout Chinese Turkistan before the advent of Islam.
2. The extinct Middle Iranian language of this people, known chiefly from texts and inscriptions dating from the second to the ninth centuries ad.

[Latin Sogdiānus, from Greek Sogdoi, Sogdians, from Old Persian Sug(u)da-.]

Sog·di·an adj.


1. (Historical Terms) a member of the people who lived in Sogdiana
2. (Peoples) a member of the people who lived in Sogdiana
3. (Languages) the language of this people, now almost extinct, belonging to the East Iranian branch of the Indo-European family
4. (Placename) of or relating to Sogdiana, its people, or their language
5. (Peoples) of or relating to Sogdiana, its people, or their language
6. (Languages) of or relating to Sogdiana, its people, or their language


(ˈsɒg di ən)

1. a native or inhabitant of Sogdiana.
2. the extinct Iranian language of the Sogdians.
3. of or pertaining to Sogdiana, the Sogdians, or their language.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sogdian Epigraphy of Central Asia and Semirech 'e is a landmark volume: the first time that a major edition of the Mugh documents, the only Sogdian manuscripts to have been found in Sogdiana itself, has been published in English.
The 16 papers that emerged discuss such topics as the growing Turkicization of the Sogdian language, the differences between Middle and New Persian, the treasure of Nagyszentmikl s: a golden contribution to the reconstruction of history, the role and function of Mongolian and Turkic in Ilkhanid Iran, and convergence and variation in the Turkic varieties of Iran: examples from Qashqe'A.
Vet in their turn, these Muslims had overcome Sogdian princedom resistance in the 9th century.
If Sogdian and other Central Asian traders traveled the distance over the desert and mountains in search of profits, and monks in search of enlightenment and converts, their journey was essentially from one direction - west.
Perhaps Sogdian texts can help us here in clearing matters.
Republic of Tajikistan, the land of sun shine, the roof of the world and natural inheritor of Sogdian Civilization as the only Persian Speaking country in Central Asia is a Sunni Muslim state.
He spoke fluent Persian, Russian, German, Arabic, Pashto, French, Uzbek and Turkish, and had extensive knowledge of Avestan, Pahlavi, Sogdian, and other Iranian languages and dialects, both extinct and current.
Local Sogdian kings handed down edicts following South Asian practices, while the people herded animals, circulated gold coins from Kushan, and sent envoys to Khotan.
18) Among the discourses in the Majjhima-nikdya, the Culakammavibhanga-sutta stands out for having the highest number of parallel versions (preserved in a range of languages: Chinese, Khotanese, Sanskrit, Sogdian, Tibetan, and Tocharian).
Following the fortunes of a Sogdian family on the way from Panjikant to China, the story takes place in a location somewhere in present day Tajikistan and/or Uzbekistan.
Chinese in Tang Dynasty were also aware of the importance of this point; apparently the discovery of coins belonging to Sasanian era in china demonstrated the prominence of Iranian economic credibility, while even one Sogdian or Haftaly coin was not excavated from China [36].
The situation was not, then, so very different from the way the Sogdian merchants did business after the fourth century.