Solidago nemoralis

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Related to Solidago nemoralis: gray goldenrod
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Noun1.Solidago nemoralis - a dyer's weed of Canada and the eastern United States having yellow flowers sometimes used in dyeingSolidago nemoralis - a dyer's weed of Canada and the eastern United States having yellow flowers sometimes used in dyeing
goldenrod - any of numerous chiefly summer-blooming and fall-blooming North American plants especially of the genus Solidago
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(seedling) Tree Seedling 1.53 Prairie-Old Daucus carota * A/B Forb 8.21 Field Dichanthelium acuminatum C3 Grass 0.71 Melilotus alba * Legume 0.94 Medicago lupulina * Legume 0.13 Solidago juncea PD Forb 25.69 Antennaria neglecta PD Forb 6.03 Fragaria virginica PD Forb 5.28 Ratibida pinnata PD Forb 4.20 Hieracium caespitosum * PD Forb 3.27 Aster drummondii PD Forb 3.25 Solidago nemoralis PD Forb 2.21 Lobelia spicata PD Forb 0.48 Sisyrinchium albidum PM Forb 0.35 Prunus americana Shrub 0.55 Ulmus americana Tree Seedling 0.55 Old Field Allium canadense PM Forb 5.90 TABLE 2.--Correlations (Pearson's r) for cover and species richness of ground layer functional groups to NMS axis scores (n = 44) following rotation of shrub-sapling leaf area index (LAI) to maximize LAI fit with Axis 1.
ambigua 0.01 0.07 0.08 Rosa multiora 0.17 0.03 0.20 Umus americana 0.01 0.07 0.08 Viburnum recognitum 0.20 0.21 0.41 Herbs Agrimonia gryposepala 0.04 0.04 Agrostis perennans 0.05 0.05 Antboxanthum odoratum 0.08 0.08 Apocynum cannabinum 0.05 0.05 Danthonia spicata 0.04 0.04 Fragaria virginiana 0.04 0.04 Glyceria striata 0.04 0.04 Holcbus lanatus 0.05 0.05 Potentilla simplex 0.05 0.05 Rosa multiflora 0.05 0.05 Solidago altissima 0.05 0.05 Solidago juncea 0.05 0.05 Solidago nemoralis 0.05 0.05 Toxicodendron radicans 0.04 0.04 * Columns are coded as: RDE = relative density, RF = relative percent frequency, I = importance index.
parvula, Packera (Senecio) plattensis, Solidago nemoralis, and
Finally, gray goldenrod, Solidago nemoralis, with its fuzz of fine gray hairs blooms late, but it seems to be saving all for this final show: deep golden-yellow flowers.
The following six other species were in the top ten on all three transects based on commonness values: sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata), tall goldenrod (Solidago altissima), old field goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis), small ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia), Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) and Scriber's panicum (Panicum oligosanthes).
Robins.:32409 Aster oolentangiensis Riddell:32690 Aster patens Ait.:32384 Aster turbinellus Lindl.:32385 Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners:32410 Coreopsis palmata Nutt.:32411 Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt.:32412 Erigeron strigosus Muhl.:32914 Eupatorium altissimum L.:32691 Eupatorium serotinum Michx.:32692 Helenium autumnale L.:INAI Helianthus divaricatus L.:32413 Helianthus mollis Lam.:INAI (observed) Liatris aspera Michx.:INAI Parthenium integrifolium L.:32414 Ratibidapinnata (Vent.) Barnh.:33075 Silphium integrifolium Michx.:32415 Solidago nemoralis Ait.:32386 Solidago speciosa Nutt.:32693 Solidago ulmifolia Muhl.:32437 Verbesina helianthoides Michx.:32416 Boraginaceae
TABLE 1.--The 51 most common species observed in Dow Field sample plots over the 16 y period in decreasing order of abundance (stem counts), including average stem count across all management units for 1991 and 2007 * = exotic species Rank Species Common name 1 Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem 2 Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod 3 Rumex acetosella Creeping sorrel * 4 Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass * 5 Panicum oligosanthes Panic grass 6 Solidago speciosa Showy goldenrod 7 Phleum pratense Timothy * 8 Hieracium spp.
Nine species matured in the second year of life in both wild and cultivated conditions: Achillea millefolium, Asciepias syriaca, Tussilago farfara, Rumex c rispus (again), Echinacea tennesseensis, Solidago nemoralis, S.
Herbaceous plants dominating the fields include Achillea millefolium, Ambrosia spp., Barbarea vulgaris, Cichorium intybus, Daucus carota, Draba verna, Erigeron annuus, Leucanthemum vulgare, Oenothera biennis, Pastinaca sativa, Penstemon digitalis, Solidago spp., including Solidago nemoralis, Stellaria media, Symphyotrichum lanceolatum, S.
& Beadle: P40129 Silphium integrifolium Michx.: P40064 Silphium laciniatum L.: P40314 Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq.: P40059 Solidago altissima L.: P40216 Solidago gigantea Ait.: P40057 Solidago missouriensis Nutt.: P40117 Solidago nemoralis Ait.: P40214 Solidago speciosa Nutt.: P40215 Vernonia fasciculata Michx.: P40114 Vernonia missurica Raf.: P40054