somatic cell

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Related to Somatic cells: Germ cells

somatic cell

n.
Any cell of a multicellular organism other than a germ cell. Also called body cell.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

somatic cell

n
(Biology) any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells. Compare germ cell
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

somat′ic cell′


n.
1. one of the cells that take part in the formation of the body, becoming differentiated into the various tissues, organs, etc.
2. any cell of the body that is not a sexually reproductive cell (opposed to germ cell).
[1885–90]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.somatic cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cellssomatic cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
skin cell - any of the cells making up the skin
epithelial cell - one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium
neoplastic cell - a cell that is part of tumor
bone cell - a cell that is part of a bone
blood cell, blood corpuscle, corpuscle - either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets
phagocyte, scavenger cell - a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms
visual cell - one of the cells of the retina that is sensitive to light
adipose cell, fat cell - cells composed of fat
muscle cell, muscle fiber, muscle fibre - an elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body
Schwann cell - any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
hybridoma - a hybrid cell resulting from the fusion of a lymphocyte and a tumor cell; used to culture a specific monoclonal antibody
labrocyte, mast cell, mastocyte - a large connective tissue cell that contains histamine and heparin and serotonin which are released in allergic reactions or in response to injury or inflammation
stem cell - an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell types (such as blood cells)
target cell - any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc.
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Milk somatic cells, factors influencing their release, future prospects, and practical utility in dairy animals: An overview.
Factors affecting milk somatic cells and their role in health of the bovine mammary gland.
In the new paper, the researchers describe a new, rapid and cost-effective method to reprogram individual somatic cells directly into cortical organoids from hundreds of individuals simultaneously.
In the new paper, senior author Muotri and colleagues describe a new, rapid and cost-effective method to reprogram individual somatic cells directly into cortical organoids from hundreds of individuals simultaneously.
Cloned pigs produced by nuclear transfer from adult somatic cells. Nature 2000;407:86-90.
Milk consists of somatic cells that are 75% leukocytes, i.e., neutrophils, erythrocytes, macrophages, lymphocytes and 25% epithelial cells.
iPS cells are "artificially reprogrammed" somatic cells. In other words: They're cells which, at some point in their development, reach something of a cul-de-sac and are only able to develop into one specific kind of tissue.
Scientists at Cornell University optimized a cold microfiltration process that would effectively remove microbial and somatic cells from skim milk.
The somatic cells count (SCC) was performed with a optical and portable SC counter (DCC, DeLaval International AB, Sweden).